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From 54049c8506baee2ef9a1a075b523038f8c463015 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Reid Kleckner <rnk@google.com>
Date: Thu, 1 Feb 2018 21:28:26 +0000
Subject: [PATCH] Merging r323155:
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 r323155 | chandlerc | 2018-01-22 14:05:25 -0800 (Mon, 22 Jan 2018) | 133
 lines

Introduce the "retpoline" x86 mitigation technique for variant #2 of the speculative execution vulnerabilities disclosed today, specifically identified by CVE-2017-5715, "Branch Target Injection", and is one of the two halves to Spectre..

Summary:
First, we need to explain the core of the vulnerability. Note that this
is a very incomplete description, please see the Project Zero blog post
for details:
https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2018/01/reading-privileged-memory-with-side.html

The basis for branch target injection is to direct speculative execution
of the processor to some "gadget" of executable code by poisoning the
prediction of indirect branches with the address of that gadget. The
gadget in turn contains an operation that provides a side channel for
reading data. Most commonly, this will look like a load of secret data
followed by a branch on the loaded value and then a load of some
predictable cache line. The attacker then uses timing of the processors
cache to determine which direction the branch took *in the speculative
execution*, and in turn what one bit of the loaded value was. Due to the
nature of these timing side channels and the branch predictor on Intel
processors, this allows an attacker to leak data only accessible to
a privileged domain (like the kernel) back into an unprivileged domain.

The goal is simple: avoid generating code which contains an indirect
branch that could have its prediction poisoned by an attacker. In many
cases, the compiler can simply use directed conditional branches and
a small search tree. LLVM already has support for lowering switches in
this way and the first step of this patch is to disable jump-table
lowering of switches and introduce a pass to rewrite explicit indirectbr
sequences into a switch over integers.

However, there is no fully general alternative to indirect calls. We
introduce a new construct we call a "retpoline" to implement indirect
calls in a non-speculatable way. It can be thought of loosely as
a trampoline for indirect calls which uses the RET instruction on x86.
Further, we arrange for a specific call->ret sequence which ensures the
processor predicts the return to go to a controlled, known location. The
retpoline then "smashes" the return address pushed onto the stack by the
call with the desired target of the original indirect call. The result
is a predicted return to the next instruction after a call (which can be
used to trap speculative execution within an infinite loop) and an
actual indirect branch to an arbitrary address.

On 64-bit x86 ABIs, this is especially easily done in the compiler by
using a guaranteed scratch register to pass the target into this device.
For 32-bit ABIs there isn't a guaranteed scratch register and so several
different retpoline variants are introduced to use a scratch register if
one is available in the calling convention and to otherwise use direct
stack push/pop sequences to pass the target address.

This "retpoline" mitigation is fully described in the following blog
post: https://support.google.com/faqs/answer/7625886

We also support a target feature that disables emission of the retpoline
thunk by the compiler to allow for custom thunks if users want them.
These are particularly useful in environments like kernels that
routinely do hot-patching on boot and want to hot-patch their thunk to
different code sequences. They can write this custom thunk and use
`-mretpoline-external-thunk` *in addition* to `-mretpoline`. In this
case, on x86-64 thu thunk names must be:
```
  __llvm_external_retpoline_r11
```
or on 32-bit:
```
  __llvm_external_retpoline_eax
  __llvm_external_retpoline_ecx
  __llvm_external_retpoline_edx
  __llvm_external_retpoline_push
```
And the target of the retpoline is passed in the named register, or in
the case of the `push` suffix on the top of the stack via a `pushl`
instruction.

There is one other important source of indirect branches in x86 ELF
binaries: the PLT. These patches also include support for LLD to
generate PLT entries that perform a retpoline-style indirection.

The only other indirect branches remaining that we are aware of are from
precompiled runtimes (such as crt0.o and similar). The ones we have
found are not really attackable, and so we have not focused on them
here, but eventually these runtimes should also be replicated for
retpoline-ed configurations for completeness.

For kernels or other freestanding or fully static executables, the
compiler switch `-mretpoline` is sufficient to fully mitigate this
particular attack. For dynamic executables, you must compile *all*
libraries with `-mretpoline` and additionally link the dynamic
executable and all shared libraries with LLD and pass `-z retpolineplt`
(or use similar functionality from some other linker). We strongly
recommend also using `-z now` as non-lazy binding allows the
retpoline-mitigated PLT to be substantially smaller.

When manually apply similar transformations to `-mretpoline` to the
Linux kernel we observed very small performance hits to applications
running typical workloads, and relatively minor hits (approximately 2%)
even for extremely syscall-heavy applications. This is largely due to
the small number of indirect branches that occur in performance
sensitive paths of the kernel.

When using these patches on statically linked applications, especially
C++ applications, you should expect to see a much more dramatic
performance hit. For microbenchmarks that are switch, indirect-, or
virtual-call heavy we have seen overheads ranging from 10% to 50%.

However, real-world workloads exhibit substantially lower performance
impact. Notably, techniques such as PGO and ThinLTO dramatically reduce
the impact of hot indirect calls (by speculatively promoting them to
direct calls) and allow optimized search trees to be used to lower
switches. If you need to deploy these techniques in C++ applications, we
*strongly* recommend that you ensure all hot call targets are statically
linked (avoiding PLT indirection) and use both PGO and ThinLTO. Well
tuned servers using all of these techniques saw 5% - 10% overhead from
the use of retpoline.

We will add detailed documentation covering these components in
subsequent patches, but wanted to make the core functionality available
as soon as possible. Happy for more code review, but we'd really like to
get these patches landed and backported ASAP for obvious reasons. We're
planning to backport this to both 6.0 and 5.0 release streams and get
a 5.0 release with just this cherry picked ASAP for distros and vendors.

This patch is the work of a number of people over the past month: Eric, Reid,
Rui, and myself. I'm mailing it out as a single commit due to the time
sensitive nature of landing this and the need to backport it. Huge thanks to
everyone who helped out here, and everyone at Intel who helped out in
discussions about how to craft this. Also, credit goes to Paul Turner (at
Google, but not an LLVM contributor) for much of the underlying retpoline
design.

Reviewers: echristo, rnk, ruiu, craig.topper, DavidKreitzer

Subscribers: sanjoy, emaste, mcrosier, mgorny, mehdi_amini, hiraditya, llvm-commits

Differential Revision: https://reviews.llvm.org/D41723
------------------------------------------------------------------------


git-svn-id: https://llvm.org/svn/llvm-project/llvm/branches/release_50@324007 91177308-0d34-0410-b5e6-96231b3b80d8
---
 include/llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h             |   3 +
 include/llvm/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.h   |   7 +
 include/llvm/InitializePasses.h           |   1 +
 include/llvm/Target/TargetLowering.h      |   2 +-
 include/llvm/Target/TargetSubtargetInfo.h |   3 +
 lib/CodeGen/CMakeLists.txt                |   1 +
 lib/CodeGen/CodeGen.cpp                   |   1 +
 lib/CodeGen/IndirectBrExpandPass.cpp      | 221 ++++++++++++++++++
 lib/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.cpp          |   3 +
 lib/CodeGen/TargetSubtargetInfo.cpp       |   4 +
 lib/Target/X86/CMakeLists.txt             |   1 +
 lib/Target/X86/X86.h                      |   4 +
 lib/Target/X86/X86.td                     |  21 ++
 lib/Target/X86/X86AsmPrinter.h            |   1 +
 lib/Target/X86/X86FastISel.cpp            |   4 +
 lib/Target/X86/X86FrameLowering.cpp       |   9 +
 lib/Target/X86/X86ISelDAGToDAG.cpp        |   6 +-
 lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.cpp        | 123 ++++++++++
 lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.h          |   6 +
 lib/Target/X86/X86InstrCompiler.td        |  16 +-
 lib/Target/X86/X86InstrControl.td         |  31 ++-
 lib/Target/X86/X86InstrInfo.td            |   2 +
 lib/Target/X86/X86MCInstLower.cpp         |   8 +
 lib/Target/X86/X86RetpolineThunks.cpp     | 276 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.cpp           |   2 +
 lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.h             |  14 ++
 lib/Target/X86/X86TargetMachine.cpp       |  10 +
 test/CodeGen/X86/O0-pipeline.ll           |   3 +
 test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline-external.ll    | 166 ++++++++++++++
 test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline.ll             | 363 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 test/Transforms/IndirectBrExpand/basic.ll |  63 ++++++
 tools/opt/opt.cpp                         |   1 +
 32 files changed, 1364 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 lib/CodeGen/IndirectBrExpandPass.cpp
 create mode 100644 lib/Target/X86/X86RetpolineThunks.cpp
 create mode 100644 test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline-external.ll
 create mode 100644 test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline.ll
 create mode 100644 test/Transforms/IndirectBrExpand/basic.ll

diff --git a/include/llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h b/include/llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h
index 96cfce5..7bfe30b 100644
--- a/include/llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h
+++ b/include/llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h
@@ -420,6 +420,9 @@ namespace llvm {
   /// shuffles.
   FunctionPass *createExpandReductionsPass();
 
+  // This pass expands indirectbr instructions.
+  FunctionPass *createIndirectBrExpandPass();
+
 } // End llvm namespace
 
 #endif
diff --git a/include/llvm/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.h b/include/llvm/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.h
index aaf0ab5..195ddff 100644
--- a/include/llvm/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.h
+++ b/include/llvm/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.h
@@ -406,6 +406,13 @@ protected:
   /// immediately before machine code is emitted.
   virtual void addPreEmitPass() { }
 
+  /// Targets may add passes immediately before machine code is emitted in this
+  /// callback. This is called even later than `addPreEmitPass`.
+  // FIXME: Rename `addPreEmitPass` to something more sensible given its actual
+  // position and remove the `2` suffix here as this callback is what
+  // `addPreEmitPass` *should* be but in reality isn't.
+  virtual void addPreEmitPass2() {}
+
   /// Utilities for targets to add passes to the pass manager.
   ///
 
diff --git a/include/llvm/InitializePasses.h b/include/llvm/InitializePasses.h
index 39ac464..2718c52 100644
--- a/include/llvm/InitializePasses.h
+++ b/include/llvm/InitializePasses.h
@@ -157,6 +157,7 @@ void initializeIVUsersWrapperPassPass(PassRegistry&);
 void initializeIfConverterPass(PassRegistry&);
 void initializeImplicitNullChecksPass(PassRegistry&);
 void initializeIndVarSimplifyLegacyPassPass(PassRegistry&);
+void initializeIndirectBrExpandPassPass(PassRegistry&);
 void initializeInductiveRangeCheckEliminationPass(PassRegistry&);
 void initializeInferAddressSpacesPass(PassRegistry&);
 void initializeInferFunctionAttrsLegacyPassPass(PassRegistry&);
diff --git a/include/llvm/Target/TargetLowering.h b/include/llvm/Target/TargetLowering.h
index 23711d6..da6d1c4 100644
--- a/include/llvm/Target/TargetLowering.h
+++ b/include/llvm/Target/TargetLowering.h
@@ -799,7 +799,7 @@ public:
   }
 
   /// Return true if lowering to a jump table is allowed.
-  bool areJTsAllowed(const Function *Fn) const {
+  virtual bool areJTsAllowed(const Function *Fn) const {
     if (Fn->getFnAttribute("no-jump-tables").getValueAsString() == "true")
       return false;
 
diff --git a/include/llvm/Target/TargetSubtargetInfo.h b/include/llvm/Target/TargetSubtargetInfo.h
index 9440c56..c561a88 100644
--- a/include/llvm/Target/TargetSubtargetInfo.h
+++ b/include/llvm/Target/TargetSubtargetInfo.h
@@ -172,6 +172,9 @@ public:
   /// \brief True if the subtarget should run the atomic expansion pass.
   virtual bool enableAtomicExpand() const;
 
+  /// True if the subtarget should run the indirectbr expansion pass.
+  virtual bool enableIndirectBrExpand() const;
+
   /// \brief Override generic scheduling policy within a region.
   ///
   /// This is a convenient way for targets that don't provide any custom
diff --git a/lib/CodeGen/CMakeLists.txt b/lib/CodeGen/CMakeLists.txt
index 7f3c6da..7c118a6 100644
--- a/lib/CodeGen/CMakeLists.txt
+++ b/lib/CodeGen/CMakeLists.txt
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ add_llvm_library(LLVMCodeGen
   GlobalMerge.cpp
   IfConversion.cpp
   ImplicitNullChecks.cpp
+  IndirectBrExpandPass.cpp
   InlineSpiller.cpp
   InterferenceCache.cpp
   InterleavedAccessPass.cpp
diff --git a/lib/CodeGen/CodeGen.cpp b/lib/CodeGen/CodeGen.cpp
index b7fd45a..8074f47 100644
--- a/lib/CodeGen/CodeGen.cpp
+++ b/lib/CodeGen/CodeGen.cpp
@@ -39,6 +39,7 @@ void llvm::initializeCodeGen(PassRegistry &Registry) {
   initializeGCModuleInfoPass(Registry);
   initializeIfConverterPass(Registry);
   initializeImplicitNullChecksPass(Registry);
+  initializeIndirectBrExpandPassPass(Registry);
   initializeInterleavedAccessPass(Registry);
   initializeLiveDebugValuesPass(Registry);
   initializeLiveDebugVariablesPass(Registry);
diff --git a/lib/CodeGen/IndirectBrExpandPass.cpp b/lib/CodeGen/IndirectBrExpandPass.cpp
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3adcda9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/CodeGen/IndirectBrExpandPass.cpp
@@ -0,0 +1,221 @@
+//===- IndirectBrExpandPass.cpp - Expand indirectbr to switch -------------===//
+//
+//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
+//
+// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
+// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
+//
+//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
+/// \file
+///
+/// Implements an expansion pass to turn `indirectbr` instructions in the IR
+/// into `switch` instructions. This works by enumerating the basic blocks in
+/// a dense range of integers, replacing each `blockaddr` constant with the
+/// corresponding integer constant, and then building a switch that maps from
+/// the integers to the actual blocks. All of the indirectbr instructions in the
+/// function are redirected to this common switch.
+///
+/// While this is generically useful if a target is unable to codegen
+/// `indirectbr` natively, it is primarily useful when there is some desire to
+/// get the builtin non-jump-table lowering of a switch even when the input
+/// source contained an explicit indirect branch construct.
+///
+/// Note that it doesn't make any sense to enable this pass unless a target also
+/// disables jump-table lowering of switches. Doing that is likely to pessimize
+/// the code.
+///
+//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
+
+#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
+#include "llvm/ADT/Sequence.h"
+#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
+#include "llvm/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.h"
+#include "llvm/Target/TargetSubtargetInfo.h"
+#include "llvm/IR/BasicBlock.h"
+#include "llvm/IR/Function.h"
+#include "llvm/IR/IRBuilder.h"
+#include "llvm/IR/InstIterator.h"
+#include "llvm/IR/Instruction.h"
+#include "llvm/IR/Instructions.h"
+#include "llvm/Pass.h"
+#include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
+#include "llvm/Support/ErrorHandling.h"
+#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
+#include "llvm/Target/TargetMachine.h"
+
+using namespace llvm;
+
+#define DEBUG_TYPE "indirectbr-expand"
+
+namespace {
+
+class IndirectBrExpandPass : public FunctionPass {
+  const TargetLowering *TLI = nullptr;
+
+public:
+  static char ID; // Pass identification, replacement for typeid
+
+  IndirectBrExpandPass() : FunctionPass(ID) {
+    initializeIndirectBrExpandPassPass(*PassRegistry::getPassRegistry());
+  }
+
+  bool runOnFunction(Function &F) override;
+};
+
+} // end anonymous namespace
+
+char IndirectBrExpandPass::ID = 0;
+
+INITIALIZE_PASS(IndirectBrExpandPass, DEBUG_TYPE,
+                "Expand indirectbr instructions", false, false)
+
+FunctionPass *llvm::createIndirectBrExpandPass() {
+  return new IndirectBrExpandPass();
+}
+
+bool IndirectBrExpandPass::runOnFunction(Function &F) {
+  auto &DL = F.getParent()->getDataLayout();
+  auto *TPC = getAnalysisIfAvailable<TargetPassConfig>();
+  if (!TPC)
+    return false;
+
+  auto &TM = TPC->getTM<TargetMachine>();
+  auto &STI = *TM.getSubtargetImpl(F);
+  if (!STI.enableIndirectBrExpand())
+    return false;
+  TLI = STI.getTargetLowering();
+
+  SmallVector<IndirectBrInst *, 1> IndirectBrs;
+
+  // Set of all potential successors for indirectbr instructions.
+  SmallPtrSet<BasicBlock *, 4> IndirectBrSuccs;
+
+  // Build a list of indirectbrs that we want to rewrite.
+  for (BasicBlock &BB : F)
+    if (auto *IBr = dyn_cast<IndirectBrInst>(BB.getTerminator())) {
+      // Handle the degenerate case of no successors by replacing the indirectbr
+      // with unreachable as there is no successor available.
+      if (IBr->getNumSuccessors() == 0) {
+        (void)new UnreachableInst(F.getContext(), IBr);
+        IBr->eraseFromParent();
+        continue;
+      }
+
+      IndirectBrs.push_back(IBr);
+      for (BasicBlock *SuccBB : IBr->successors())
+        IndirectBrSuccs.insert(SuccBB);
+    }
+
+  if (IndirectBrs.empty())
+    return false;
+
+  // If we need to replace any indirectbrs we need to establish integer
+  // constants that will correspond to each of the basic blocks in the function
+  // whose address escapes. We do that here and rewrite all the blockaddress
+  // constants to just be those integer constants cast to a pointer type.
+  SmallVector<BasicBlock *, 4> BBs;
+
+  for (BasicBlock &BB : F) {
+    // Skip blocks that aren't successors to an indirectbr we're going to
+    // rewrite.
+    if (!IndirectBrSuccs.count(&BB))
+      continue;
+
+    auto IsBlockAddressUse = [&](const Use &U) {
+      return isa<BlockAddress>(U.getUser());
+    };
+    auto BlockAddressUseIt = llvm::find_if(BB.uses(), IsBlockAddressUse);
+    if (BlockAddressUseIt == BB.use_end())
+      continue;
+
+    assert(std::find_if(std::next(BlockAddressUseIt), BB.use_end(),
+                        IsBlockAddressUse) == BB.use_end() &&
+           "There should only ever be a single blockaddress use because it is "
+           "a constant and should be uniqued.");
+
+    auto *BA = cast<BlockAddress>(BlockAddressUseIt->getUser());
+
+    // Skip if the constant was formed but ended up not being used (due to DCE
+    // or whatever).
+    if (!BA->isConstantUsed())
+      continue;
+
+    // Compute the index we want to use for this basic block. We can't use zero
+    // because null can be compared with block addresses.
+    int BBIndex = BBs.size() + 1;
+    BBs.push_back(&BB);
+
+    auto *ITy = cast<IntegerType>(DL.getIntPtrType(BA->getType()));
+    ConstantInt *BBIndexC = ConstantInt::get(ITy, BBIndex);
+
+    // Now rewrite the blockaddress to an integer constant based on the index.
+    // FIXME: We could potentially preserve the uses as arguments to inline asm.
+    // This would allow some uses such as diagnostic information in crashes to
+    // have higher quality even when this transform is enabled, but would break
+    // users that round-trip blockaddresses through inline assembly and then
+    // back into an indirectbr.
+    BA->replaceAllUsesWith(ConstantExpr::getIntToPtr(BBIndexC, BA->getType()));
+  }
+
+  if (BBs.empty()) {
+    // There are no blocks whose address is taken, so any indirectbr instruction
+    // cannot get a valid input and we can replace all of them with unreachable.
+    for (auto *IBr : IndirectBrs) {
+      (void)new UnreachableInst(F.getContext(), IBr);
+      IBr->eraseFromParent();
+    }
+    return true;
+  }
+
+  BasicBlock *SwitchBB;
+  Value *SwitchValue;
+
+  // Compute a common integer type across all the indirectbr instructions.
+  IntegerType *CommonITy = nullptr;
+  for (auto *IBr : IndirectBrs) {
+    auto *ITy =
+        cast<IntegerType>(DL.getIntPtrType(IBr->getAddress()->getType()));
+    if (!CommonITy || ITy->getBitWidth() > CommonITy->getBitWidth())
+      CommonITy = ITy;
+  }
+
+  auto GetSwitchValue = [DL, CommonITy](IndirectBrInst *IBr) {
+    return CastInst::CreatePointerCast(
+        IBr->getAddress(), CommonITy,
+        Twine(IBr->getAddress()->getName()) + ".switch_cast", IBr);
+  };
+
+  if (IndirectBrs.size() == 1) {
+    // If we only have one indirectbr, we can just directly replace it within
+    // its block.
+    SwitchBB = IndirectBrs[0]->getParent();
+    SwitchValue = GetSwitchValue(IndirectBrs[0]);
+    IndirectBrs[0]->eraseFromParent();
+  } else {
+    // Otherwise we need to create a new block to hold the switch across BBs,
+    // jump to that block instead of each indirectbr, and phi together the
+    // values for the switch.
+    SwitchBB = BasicBlock::Create(F.getContext(), "switch_bb", &F);
+    auto *SwitchPN = PHINode::Create(CommonITy, IndirectBrs.size(),
+                                     "switch_value_phi", SwitchBB);
+    SwitchValue = SwitchPN;
+
+    // Now replace the indirectbr instructions with direct branches to the
+    // switch block and fill out the PHI operands.
+    for (auto *IBr : IndirectBrs) {
+      SwitchPN->addIncoming(GetSwitchValue(IBr), IBr->getParent());
+      BranchInst::Create(SwitchBB, IBr);
+      IBr->eraseFromParent();
+    }
+  }
+
+  // Now build the switch in the block. The block will have no terminator
+  // already.
+  auto *SI = SwitchInst::Create(SwitchValue, BBs[0], BBs.size(), SwitchBB);
+
+  // Add a case for each block.
+  for (int i : llvm::seq<int>(1, BBs.size()))
+    SI->addCase(ConstantInt::get(CommonITy, i + 1), BBs[i]);
+
+  return true;
+}
diff --git a/lib/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.cpp b/lib/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.cpp
index 817e58c..624520c 100644
--- a/lib/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.cpp
+++ b/lib/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.cpp
@@ -790,6 +790,9 @@ void TargetPassConfig::addMachinePasses() {
   if (EnableMachineOutliner)
     PM->add(createMachineOutlinerPass());
 
+  // Add passes that directly emit MI after all other MI passes.
+  addPreEmitPass2();
+
   AddingMachinePasses = false;
 }
 
diff --git a/lib/CodeGen/TargetSubtargetInfo.cpp b/lib/CodeGen/TargetSubtargetInfo.cpp
index f6d5bc8..d02e39f 100644
--- a/lib/CodeGen/TargetSubtargetInfo.cpp
+++ b/lib/CodeGen/TargetSubtargetInfo.cpp
@@ -37,6 +37,10 @@ bool TargetSubtargetInfo::enableAtomicExpand() const {
   return true;
 }
 
+bool TargetSubtargetInfo::enableIndirectBrExpand() const {
+  return false;
+}
+
 bool TargetSubtargetInfo::enableMachineScheduler() const {
   return false;
 }
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/CMakeLists.txt b/lib/Target/X86/CMakeLists.txt
index 6e08d4c..ae58dbd 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/CMakeLists.txt
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/CMakeLists.txt
@@ -57,6 +57,7 @@ set(sources
   X86OptimizeLEAs.cpp
   X86PadShortFunction.cpp
   X86RegisterInfo.cpp
+  X86RetpolineThunks.cpp
   X86SelectionDAGInfo.cpp
   X86ShuffleDecodeConstantPool.cpp
   X86Subtarget.cpp
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86.h b/lib/Target/X86/X86.h
index 91201d1..25e4b89 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86.h
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86.h
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ namespace llvm {
 class FunctionPass;
 class ImmutablePass;
 class InstructionSelector;
+class ModulePass;
 class PassRegistry;
 class X86RegisterBankInfo;
 class X86Subtarget;
@@ -98,6 +99,9 @@ void initializeFixupBWInstPassPass(PassRegistry &);
 /// encoding when possible in order to reduce code size.
 FunctionPass *createX86EvexToVexInsts();
 
+/// This pass creates the thunks for the retpoline feature.
+ModulePass *createX86RetpolineThunksPass();
+
 InstructionSelector *createX86InstructionSelector(const X86TargetMachine &TM,
                                                   X86Subtarget &,
                                                   X86RegisterBankInfo &);
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86.td b/lib/Target/X86/X86.td
index 54eabea..62543b0 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86.td
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86.td
@@ -290,6 +290,27 @@ def FeatureERMSB
           "ermsb", "HasERMSB", "true",
           "REP MOVS/STOS are fast">;
 
+// Enable mitigation of some aspects of speculative execution related
+// vulnerabilities by removing speculatable indirect branches. This disables
+// jump-table formation, rewrites explicit `indirectbr` instructions into
+// `switch` instructions, and uses a special construct called a "retpoline" to
+// prevent speculation of the remaining indirect branches (indirect calls and
+// tail calls).
+def FeatureRetpoline
+    : SubtargetFeature<"retpoline", "UseRetpoline", "true",
+                       "Remove speculation of indirect branches from the "
+                       "generated code, either by avoiding them entirely or "
+                       "lowering them with a speculation blocking construct.">;
+
+// Rely on external thunks for the emitted retpoline calls. This allows users
+// to provide their own custom thunk definitions in highly specialized
+// environments such as a kernel that does boot-time hot patching.
+def FeatureRetpolineExternalThunk
+    : SubtargetFeature<
+          "retpoline-external-thunk", "UseRetpolineExternalThunk", "true",
+          "Enable retpoline, but with an externally provided thunk.",
+          [FeatureRetpoline]>;
+
 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
 // X86 processors supported.
 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86AsmPrinter.h b/lib/Target/X86/X86AsmPrinter.h
index d7c3b74..3a31bfa 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86AsmPrinter.h
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86AsmPrinter.h
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ class LLVM_LIBRARY_VISIBILITY X86AsmPrinter : public AsmPrinter {
   StackMaps SM;
   FaultMaps FM;
   std::unique_ptr<MCCodeEmitter> CodeEmitter;
+  bool NeedsRetpoline = false;
 
   // This utility class tracks the length of a stackmap instruction's 'shadow'.
   // It is used by the X86AsmPrinter to ensure that the stackmap shadow
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86FastISel.cpp b/lib/Target/X86/X86FastISel.cpp
index 527e5d5..71f30ba 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86FastISel.cpp
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86FastISel.cpp
@@ -3161,6 +3161,10 @@ bool X86FastISel::fastLowerCall(CallLoweringInfo &CLI) {
       (CalledFn && CalledFn->hasFnAttribute("no_caller_saved_registers")))
     return false;
 
+  // Functions using retpoline should use SDISel for calls.
+  if (Subtarget->useRetpoline())
+    return false;
+
   // Handle only C, fastcc, and webkit_js calling conventions for now.
   switch (CC) {
   default: return false;
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86FrameLowering.cpp b/lib/Target/X86/X86FrameLowering.cpp
index f294e81..710ffa9 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86FrameLowering.cpp
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86FrameLowering.cpp
@@ -742,6 +742,11 @@ void X86FrameLowering::emitStackProbeCall(MachineFunction &MF,
                                           bool InProlog) const {
   bool IsLargeCodeModel = MF.getTarget().getCodeModel() == CodeModel::Large;
 
+  // FIXME: Add retpoline support and remove this.
+  if (Is64Bit && IsLargeCodeModel && STI.useRetpoline())
+    report_fatal_error("Emitting stack probe calls on 64-bit with the large "
+                       "code model and retpoline not yet implemented.");
+
   unsigned CallOp;
   if (Is64Bit)
     CallOp = IsLargeCodeModel ? X86::CALL64r : X86::CALL64pcrel32;
@@ -2337,6 +2342,10 @@ void X86FrameLowering::adjustForSegmentedStacks(
     // This solution is not perfect, as it assumes that the .rodata section
     // is laid out within 2^31 bytes of each function body, but this seems
     // to be sufficient for JIT.
+    // FIXME: Add retpoline support and remove the error here..
+    if (STI.useRetpoline())
+      report_fatal_error("Emitting morestack calls on 64-bit with the large "
+                         "code model and retpoline not yet implemented.");
     BuildMI(allocMBB, DL, TII.get(X86::CALL64m))
         .addReg(X86::RIP)
         .addImm(0)
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelDAGToDAG.cpp b/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelDAGToDAG.cpp
index 8f24f98..41d1a31 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelDAGToDAG.cpp
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelDAGToDAG.cpp
@@ -550,11 +550,11 @@ void X86DAGToDAGISel::PreprocessISelDAG() {
     SDNode *N = &*I++; // Preincrement iterator to avoid invalidation issues.
 
     if (OptLevel != CodeGenOpt::None &&
-        // Only does this when target favors doesn't favor register indirect
-        // call.
+        // Only do this when the target can fold the load into the call or
+        // jmp.
+        !Subtarget->useRetpoline() &&
         ((N->getOpcode() == X86ISD::CALL && !Subtarget->callRegIndirect()) ||
          (N->getOpcode() == X86ISD::TC_RETURN &&
-          // Only does this if load can be folded into TC_RETURN.
           (Subtarget->is64Bit() ||
            !getTargetMachine().isPositionIndependent())))) {
       /// Also try moving call address load from outside callseq_start to just
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.cpp b/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.cpp
index 607bc45..2c2294d 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.cpp
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.cpp
@@ -24994,6 +24994,15 @@ X86TargetLowering::isVectorClearMaskLegal(const SmallVectorImpl<int> &Mask,
   return isShuffleMaskLegal(Mask, VT);
 }
 
+bool X86TargetLowering::areJTsAllowed(const Function *Fn) const {
+  // If the subtarget is using retpolines, we need to not generate jump tables.
+  if (Subtarget.useRetpoline())
+    return false;
+
+  // Otherwise, fallback on the generic logic.
+  return TargetLowering::areJTsAllowed(Fn);
+}
+
 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
 //                           X86 Scheduler Hooks
 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
@@ -26225,6 +26234,115 @@ X86TargetLowering::EmitLoweredTLSCall(MachineInstr &MI,
   return BB;
 }
 
+static unsigned getOpcodeForRetpoline(unsigned RPOpc) {
+  switch (RPOpc) {
+  case X86::RETPOLINE_CALL32:
+    return X86::CALLpcrel32;
+  case X86::RETPOLINE_CALL64:
+    return X86::CALL64pcrel32;
+  case X86::RETPOLINE_TCRETURN32:
+    return X86::TCRETURNdi;
+  case X86::RETPOLINE_TCRETURN64:
+    return X86::TCRETURNdi64;
+  }
+  llvm_unreachable("not retpoline opcode");
+}
+
+static const char *getRetpolineSymbol(const X86Subtarget &Subtarget,
+                                      unsigned Reg) {
+  switch (Reg) {
+  case 0:
+    assert(!Subtarget.is64Bit() && "R11 should always be available on x64");
+    return Subtarget.useRetpolineExternalThunk()
+               ? "__llvm_external_retpoline_push"
+               : "__llvm_retpoline_push";
+  case X86::EAX:
+    return Subtarget.useRetpolineExternalThunk()
+               ? "__llvm_external_retpoline_eax"
+               : "__llvm_retpoline_eax";
+  case X86::ECX:
+    return Subtarget.useRetpolineExternalThunk()
+               ? "__llvm_external_retpoline_ecx"
+               : "__llvm_retpoline_ecx";
+  case X86::EDX:
+    return Subtarget.useRetpolineExternalThunk()
+               ? "__llvm_external_retpoline_edx"
+               : "__llvm_retpoline_edx";
+  case X86::R11:
+    return Subtarget.useRetpolineExternalThunk()
+               ? "__llvm_external_retpoline_r11"
+               : "__llvm_retpoline_r11";
+  }
+  llvm_unreachable("unexpected reg for retpoline");
+}
+
+MachineBasicBlock *
+X86TargetLowering::EmitLoweredRetpoline(MachineInstr &MI,
+                                        MachineBasicBlock *BB) const {
+  // Copy the virtual register into the R11 physical register and
+  // call the retpoline thunk.
+  DebugLoc DL = MI.getDebugLoc();
+  const X86InstrInfo *TII = Subtarget.getInstrInfo();
+  unsigned CalleeVReg = MI.getOperand(0).getReg();
+  unsigned Opc = getOpcodeForRetpoline(MI.getOpcode());
+
+  // Find an available scratch register to hold the callee. On 64-bit, we can
+  // just use R11, but we scan for uses anyway to ensure we don't generate
+  // incorrect code. On 32-bit, we use one of EAX, ECX, or EDX that isn't
+  // already a register use operand to the call to hold the callee. If none
+  // are available, push the callee instead. This is less efficient, but is
+  // necessary for functions using 3 regparms. Such function calls are
+  // (currently) not eligible for tail call optimization, because there is no
+  // scratch register available to hold the address of the callee.
+  SmallVector<unsigned, 3> AvailableRegs;
+  if (Subtarget.is64Bit())
+    AvailableRegs.push_back(X86::R11);
+  else
+    AvailableRegs.append({X86::EAX, X86::ECX, X86::EDX});
+
+  // Zero out any registers that are already used.
+  for (const auto &MO : MI.operands()) {
+    if (MO.isReg() && MO.isUse())
+      for (unsigned &Reg : AvailableRegs)
+        if (Reg == MO.getReg())
+          Reg = 0;
+  }
+
+  // Choose the first remaining non-zero available register.
+  unsigned AvailableReg = 0;
+  for (unsigned MaybeReg : AvailableRegs) {
+    if (MaybeReg) {
+      AvailableReg = MaybeReg;
+      break;
+    }
+  }
+
+  const char *Symbol = getRetpolineSymbol(Subtarget, AvailableReg);
+
+  if (AvailableReg == 0) {
+    // No register available. Use PUSH. This must not be a tailcall, and this
+    // must not be x64.
+    if (Subtarget.is64Bit())
+      report_fatal_error(
+          "Cannot make an indirect call on x86-64 using both retpoline and a "
+          "calling convention that preservers r11");
+    if (Opc != X86::CALLpcrel32)
+      report_fatal_error("Cannot make an indirect tail call on x86 using "
+                         "retpoline without a preserved register");
+    BuildMI(*BB, MI, DL, TII->get(X86::PUSH32r)).addReg(CalleeVReg);
+    MI.getOperand(0).ChangeToES(Symbol);
+    MI.setDesc(TII->get(Opc));
+  } else {
+    BuildMI(*BB, MI, DL, TII->get(TargetOpcode::COPY), AvailableReg)
+        .addReg(CalleeVReg);
+    MI.getOperand(0).ChangeToES(Symbol);
+    MI.setDesc(TII->get(Opc));
+    MachineInstrBuilder(*BB->getParent(), &MI)
+        .addReg(AvailableReg, RegState::Implicit | RegState::Kill);
+  }
+  return BB;
+}
+
 MachineBasicBlock *
 X86TargetLowering::emitEHSjLjSetJmp(MachineInstr &MI,
                                     MachineBasicBlock *MBB) const {
@@ -26689,6 +26807,11 @@ X86TargetLowering::EmitInstrWithCustomInserter(MachineInstr &MI,
   case X86::TLS_base_addr32:
   case X86::TLS_base_addr64:
     return EmitLoweredTLSAddr(MI, BB);
+  case X86::RETPOLINE_CALL32:
+  case X86::RETPOLINE_CALL64:
+  case X86::RETPOLINE_TCRETURN32:
+  case X86::RETPOLINE_TCRETURN64:
+    return EmitLoweredRetpoline(MI, BB);
   case X86::CATCHRET:
     return EmitLoweredCatchRet(MI, BB);
   case X86::CATCHPAD:
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.h b/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.h
index dbbc2bb..7eeb153 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.h
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86ISelLowering.h
@@ -986,6 +986,9 @@ namespace llvm {
     bool isVectorClearMaskLegal(const SmallVectorImpl<int> &Mask,
                                 EVT VT) const override;
 
+    /// Returns true if lowering to a jump table is allowed.
+    bool areJTsAllowed(const Function *Fn) const override;
+
     /// If true, then instruction selection should
     /// seek to shrink the FP constant of the specified type to a smaller type
     /// in order to save space and / or reduce runtime.
@@ -1289,6 +1292,9 @@ namespace llvm {
     MachineBasicBlock *EmitLoweredTLSCall(MachineInstr &MI,
                                           MachineBasicBlock *BB) const;
 
+    MachineBasicBlock *EmitLoweredRetpoline(MachineInstr &MI,
+                                            MachineBasicBlock *BB) const;
+
     MachineBasicBlock *emitEHSjLjSetJmp(MachineInstr &MI,
                                         MachineBasicBlock *MBB) const;
 
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrCompiler.td b/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrCompiler.td
index d003d02..296ea69 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrCompiler.td
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrCompiler.td
@@ -1106,14 +1106,14 @@ def X86tcret_6regs : PatFrag<(ops node:$ptr, node:$off),
 
 def : Pat<(X86tcret ptr_rc_tailcall:$dst, imm:$off),
           (TCRETURNri ptr_rc_tailcall:$dst, imm:$off)>,
-          Requires<[Not64BitMode]>;
+          Requires<[Not64BitMode, NotUseRetpoline]>;
 
 // FIXME: This is disabled for 32-bit PIC mode because the global base
 // register which is part of the address mode may be assigned a
 // callee-saved register.
 def : Pat<(X86tcret (load addr:$dst), imm:$off),
           (TCRETURNmi addr:$dst, imm:$off)>,
-          Requires<[Not64BitMode, IsNotPIC]>;
+          Requires<[Not64BitMode, IsNotPIC, NotUseRetpoline]>;
 
 def : Pat<(X86tcret (i32 tglobaladdr:$dst), imm:$off),
           (TCRETURNdi tglobaladdr:$dst, imm:$off)>,
@@ -1125,13 +1125,21 @@ def : Pat<(X86tcret (i32 texternalsym:$dst), imm:$off),
 
 def : Pat<(X86tcret ptr_rc_tailcall:$dst, imm:$off),
           (TCRETURNri64 ptr_rc_tailcall:$dst, imm:$off)>,
-          Requires<[In64BitMode]>;
+          Requires<[In64BitMode, NotUseRetpoline]>;
 
 // Don't fold loads into X86tcret requiring more than 6 regs.
 // There wouldn't be enough scratch registers for base+index.
 def : Pat<(X86tcret_6regs (load addr:$dst), imm:$off),
           (TCRETURNmi64 addr:$dst, imm:$off)>,
-          Requires<[In64BitMode]>;
+          Requires<[In64BitMode, NotUseRetpoline]>;
+
+def : Pat<(X86tcret ptr_rc_tailcall:$dst, imm:$off),
+          (RETPOLINE_TCRETURN64 ptr_rc_tailcall:$dst, imm:$off)>,
+          Requires<[In64BitMode, UseRetpoline]>;
+
+def : Pat<(X86tcret ptr_rc_tailcall:$dst, imm:$off),
+          (RETPOLINE_TCRETURN32 ptr_rc_tailcall:$dst, imm:$off)>,
+          Requires<[Not64BitMode, UseRetpoline]>;
 
 def : Pat<(X86tcret (i64 tglobaladdr:$dst), imm:$off),
           (TCRETURNdi64 tglobaladdr:$dst, imm:$off)>,
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrControl.td b/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrControl.td
index 4ea223e..f139364 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrControl.td
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrControl.td
@@ -211,11 +211,12 @@ let isCall = 1 in
                       Sched<[WriteJumpLd]>;
     def CALL32r     : I<0xFF, MRM2r, (outs), (ins GR32:$dst),
                         "call{l}\t{*}$dst", [(X86call GR32:$dst)], IIC_CALL_RI>,
-                      OpSize32, Requires<[Not64BitMode]>, Sched<[WriteJump]>;
+                      OpSize32, Requires<[Not64BitMode,NotUseRetpoline]>,
+                      Sched<[WriteJump]>;
     def CALL32m     : I<0xFF, MRM2m, (outs), (ins i32mem:$dst),
                         "call{l}\t{*}$dst", [(X86call (loadi32 addr:$dst))],
                         IIC_CALL_MEM>, OpSize32,
-                      Requires<[Not64BitMode,FavorMemIndirectCall]>,
+                      Requires<[Not64BitMode,FavorMemIndirectCall,NotUseRetpoline]>,
                       Sched<[WriteJumpLd]>;
 
     let Predicates = [Not64BitMode] in {
@@ -298,11 +299,12 @@ let isCall = 1, Uses = [RSP], SchedRW = [WriteJump] in {
   def CALL64r       : I<0xFF, MRM2r, (outs), (ins GR64:$dst),
                         "call{q}\t{*}$dst", [(X86call GR64:$dst)],
                         IIC_CALL_RI>,
-                      Requires<[In64BitMode]>;
+                      Requires<[In64BitMode,NotUseRetpoline]>;
   def CALL64m       : I<0xFF, MRM2m, (outs), (ins i64mem:$dst),
                         "call{q}\t{*}$dst", [(X86call (loadi64 addr:$dst))],
                         IIC_CALL_MEM>,
-                      Requires<[In64BitMode,FavorMemIndirectCall]>;
+                      Requires<[In64BitMode,FavorMemIndirectCall,
+                                NotUseRetpoline]>;
 
   def FARCALL64   : RI<0xFF, MRM3m, (outs), (ins opaque80mem:$dst),
                        "lcall{q}\t{*}$dst", [], IIC_CALL_FAR_MEM>;
@@ -341,6 +343,27 @@ let isCall = 1, isTerminator = 1, isReturn = 1, isBarrier = 1,
   }
 }
 
+let isPseudo = 1, isCall = 1, isCodeGenOnly = 1,
+    Uses = [RSP],
+    usesCustomInserter = 1,
+    SchedRW = [WriteJump] in {
+  def RETPOLINE_CALL32 :
+    PseudoI<(outs), (ins GR32:$dst), [(X86call GR32:$dst)]>,
+            Requires<[Not64BitMode,UseRetpoline]>;
+
+  def RETPOLINE_CALL64 :
+    PseudoI<(outs), (ins GR64:$dst), [(X86call GR64:$dst)]>,
+            Requires<[In64BitMode,UseRetpoline]>;
+
+  // Retpoline variant of indirect tail calls.
+  let isTerminator = 1, isReturn = 1, isBarrier = 1 in {
+    def RETPOLINE_TCRETURN64 :
+      PseudoI<(outs), (ins GR64:$dst, i32imm:$offset), []>;
+    def RETPOLINE_TCRETURN32 :
+      PseudoI<(outs), (ins GR32:$dst, i32imm:$offset), []>;
+  }
+}
+
 // Conditional tail calls are similar to the above, but they are branches
 // rather than barriers, and they use EFLAGS.
 let isCall = 1, isTerminator = 1, isReturn = 1, isBranch = 1,
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrInfo.td b/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrInfo.td
index fab70e9..0ba2d3a 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrInfo.td
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86InstrInfo.td
@@ -917,6 +917,8 @@ def HasFastLZCNT : Predicate<"Subtarget->hasFastLZCNT()">;
 def HasFastSHLDRotate : Predicate<"Subtarget->hasFastSHLDRotate()">;
 def HasERMSB : Predicate<"Subtarget->hasERMSB()">;
 def HasMFence    : Predicate<"Subtarget->hasMFence()">;
+def UseRetpoline : Predicate<"Subtarget->useRetpoline()">;
+def NotUseRetpoline : Predicate<"!Subtarget->useRetpoline()">;
 
 //===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
 // X86 Instruction Format Definitions.
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86MCInstLower.cpp b/lib/Target/X86/X86MCInstLower.cpp
index fd2837b..a1dc5f9 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86MCInstLower.cpp
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86MCInstLower.cpp
@@ -874,6 +874,10 @@ void X86AsmPrinter::LowerSTATEPOINT(const MachineInstr &MI,
       // address is to far away. (TODO: support non-relative addressing)
       break;
     case MachineOperand::MO_Register:
+      // FIXME: Add retpoline support and remove this.
+      if (Subtarget->useRetpoline())
+        report_fatal_error("Lowering register statepoints with retpoline not "
+                           "yet implemented.");
       CallTargetMCOp = MCOperand::createReg(CallTarget.getReg());
       CallOpcode = X86::CALL64r;
       break;
@@ -1028,6 +1032,10 @@ void X86AsmPrinter::LowerPATCHPOINT(const MachineInstr &MI,
 
     EmitAndCountInstruction(
         MCInstBuilder(X86::MOV64ri).addReg(ScratchReg).addOperand(CalleeMCOp));
+    // FIXME: Add retpoline support and remove this.
+    if (Subtarget->useRetpoline())
+      report_fatal_error(
+          "Lowering patchpoint with retpoline not yet implemented.");
     EmitAndCountInstruction(MCInstBuilder(X86::CALL64r).addReg(ScratchReg));
   }
 
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86RetpolineThunks.cpp b/lib/Target/X86/X86RetpolineThunks.cpp
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6b4bc8a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86RetpolineThunks.cpp
@@ -0,0 +1,276 @@
+//======- X86RetpolineThunks.cpp - Construct retpoline thunks for x86  --=====//
+//
+//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
+//
+// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
+// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
+//
+//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
+/// \file
+///
+/// Pass that injects an MI thunk implementing a "retpoline". This is
+/// a RET-implemented trampoline that is used to lower indirect calls in a way
+/// that prevents speculation on some x86 processors and can be used to mitigate
+/// security vulnerabilities due to targeted speculative execution and side
+/// channels such as CVE-2017-5715.
+///
+/// TODO(chandlerc): All of this code could use better comments and
+/// documentation.
+///
+//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
+
+#include "X86.h"
+#include "X86InstrBuilder.h"
+#include "X86Subtarget.h"
+#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineFunction.h"
+#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineInstrBuilder.h"
+#include "llvm/CodeGen/MachineModuleInfo.h"
+#include "llvm/CodeGen/Passes.h"
+#include "llvm/CodeGen/TargetPassConfig.h"
+#include "llvm/IR/IRBuilder.h"
+#include "llvm/IR/Instructions.h"
+#include "llvm/IR/Module.h"
+#include "llvm/Support/CommandLine.h"
+#include "llvm/Support/Debug.h"
+#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
+
+using namespace llvm;
+
+#define DEBUG_TYPE "x86-retpoline-thunks"
+
+namespace {
+class X86RetpolineThunks : public ModulePass {
+public:
+  static char ID;
+
+  X86RetpolineThunks() : ModulePass(ID) {}
+
+  StringRef getPassName() const override { return "X86 Retpoline Thunks"; }
+
+  bool runOnModule(Module &M) override;
+
+  void getAnalysisUsage(AnalysisUsage &AU) const override {
+    AU.addRequired<MachineModuleInfo>();
+    AU.addPreserved<MachineModuleInfo>();
+  }
+
+private:
+  MachineModuleInfo *MMI;
+  const TargetMachine *TM;
+  bool Is64Bit;
+  const X86Subtarget *STI;
+  const X86InstrInfo *TII;
+
+  Function *createThunkFunction(Module &M, StringRef Name);
+  void insertRegReturnAddrClobber(MachineBasicBlock &MBB, unsigned Reg);
+  void insert32BitPushReturnAddrClobber(MachineBasicBlock &MBB);
+  void createThunk(Module &M, StringRef NameSuffix,
+                   Optional<unsigned> Reg = None);
+};
+
+} // end anonymous namespace
+
+ModulePass *llvm::createX86RetpolineThunksPass() {
+  return new X86RetpolineThunks();
+}
+
+char X86RetpolineThunks::ID = 0;
+
+bool X86RetpolineThunks::runOnModule(Module &M) {
+  DEBUG(dbgs() << getPassName() << '\n');
+
+  auto *TPC = getAnalysisIfAvailable<TargetPassConfig>();
+  assert(TPC && "X86-specific target pass should not be run without a target "
+                "pass config!");
+
+  MMI = &getAnalysis<MachineModuleInfo>();
+  TM = &TPC->getTM<TargetMachine>();
+  Is64Bit = TM->getTargetTriple().getArch() == Triple::x86_64;
+
+  // Only add a thunk if we have at least one function that has the retpoline
+  // feature enabled in its subtarget.
+  // FIXME: Conditionalize on indirect calls so we don't emit a thunk when
+  // nothing will end up calling it.
+  // FIXME: It's a little silly to look at every function just to enumerate
+  // the subtargets, but eventually we'll want to look at them for indirect
+  // calls, so maybe this is OK.
+  if (!llvm::any_of(M, [&](const Function &F) {
+        // Save the subtarget we find for use in emitting the subsequent
+        // thunk.
+        STI = &TM->getSubtarget<X86Subtarget>(F);
+        return STI->useRetpoline() && !STI->useRetpolineExternalThunk();
+      }))
+    return false;
+
+  // If we have a relevant subtarget, get the instr info as well.
+  TII = STI->getInstrInfo();
+
+  if (Is64Bit) {
+    // __llvm_retpoline_r11:
+    //   callq .Lr11_call_target
+    // .Lr11_capture_spec:
+    //   pause
+    //   lfence
+    //   jmp .Lr11_capture_spec
+    // .align 16
+    // .Lr11_call_target:
+    //   movq %r11, (%rsp)
+    //   retq
+
+    createThunk(M, "r11", X86::R11);
+  } else {
+    // For 32-bit targets we need to emit a collection of thunks for various
+    // possible scratch registers as well as a fallback that is used when
+    // there are no scratch registers and assumes the retpoline target has
+    // been pushed.
+    //   __llvm_retpoline_eax:
+    //         calll .Leax_call_target
+    //   .Leax_capture_spec:
+    //         pause
+    //         jmp .Leax_capture_spec
+    //   .align 16
+    //   .Leax_call_target:
+    //         movl %eax, (%esp)  # Clobber return addr
+    //         retl
+    //
+    //   __llvm_retpoline_ecx:
+    //   ... # Same setup
+    //         movl %ecx, (%esp)
+    //         retl
+    //
+    //   __llvm_retpoline_edx:
+    //   ... # Same setup
+    //         movl %edx, (%esp)
+    //         retl
+    //
+    // This last one is a bit more special and so needs a little extra
+    // handling.
+    // __llvm_retpoline_push:
+    //         calll .Lpush_call_target
+    // .Lpush_capture_spec:
+    //         pause
+    //         lfence
+    //         jmp .Lpush_capture_spec
+    // .align 16
+    // .Lpush_call_target:
+    //         # Clear pause_loop return address.
+    //         addl $4, %esp
+    //         # Top of stack words are: Callee, RA. Exchange Callee and RA.
+    //         pushl 4(%esp)  # Push callee
+    //         pushl 4(%esp)  # Push RA
+    //         popl 8(%esp)   # Pop RA to final RA
+    //         popl (%esp)    # Pop callee to next top of stack
+    //         retl           # Ret to callee
+    createThunk(M, "eax", X86::EAX);
+    createThunk(M, "ecx", X86::ECX);
+    createThunk(M, "edx", X86::EDX);
+    createThunk(M, "push");
+  }
+
+  return true;
+}
+
+Function *X86RetpolineThunks::createThunkFunction(Module &M, StringRef Name) {
+  LLVMContext &Ctx = M.getContext();
+  auto Type = FunctionType::get(Type::getVoidTy(Ctx), false);
+  Function *F =
+      Function::Create(Type, GlobalValue::LinkOnceODRLinkage, Name, &M);
+  F->setVisibility(GlobalValue::HiddenVisibility);
+  F->setComdat(M.getOrInsertComdat(Name));
+
+  // Add Attributes so that we don't create a frame, unwind information, or
+  // inline.
+  AttrBuilder B;
+  B.addAttribute(llvm::Attribute::NoUnwind);
+  B.addAttribute(llvm::Attribute::Naked);
+  F->addAttributes(llvm::AttributeList::FunctionIndex, B);
+
+  // Populate our function a bit so that we can verify.
+  BasicBlock *Entry = BasicBlock::Create(Ctx, "entry", F);
+  IRBuilder<> Builder(Entry);
+
+  Builder.CreateRetVoid();
+  return F;
+}
+
+void X86RetpolineThunks::insertRegReturnAddrClobber(MachineBasicBlock &MBB,
+                                                    unsigned Reg) {
+  const unsigned MovOpc = Is64Bit ? X86::MOV64mr : X86::MOV32mr;
+  const unsigned SPReg = Is64Bit ? X86::RSP : X86::ESP;
+  addRegOffset(BuildMI(&MBB, DebugLoc(), TII->get(MovOpc)), SPReg, false, 0)
+      .addReg(Reg);
+}
+void X86RetpolineThunks::insert32BitPushReturnAddrClobber(
+    MachineBasicBlock &MBB) {
+  // The instruction sequence we use to replace the return address without
+  // a scratch register is somewhat complicated:
+  //   # Clear capture_spec from return address.
+  //   addl $4, %esp
+  //   # Top of stack words are: Callee, RA. Exchange Callee and RA.
+  //   pushl 4(%esp)  # Push callee
+  //   pushl 4(%esp)  # Push RA
+  //   popl 8(%esp)   # Pop RA to final RA
+  //   popl (%esp)    # Pop callee to next top of stack
+  //   retl           # Ret to callee
+  BuildMI(&MBB, DebugLoc(), TII->get(X86::ADD32ri), X86::ESP)
+      .addReg(X86::ESP)
+      .addImm(4);
+  addRegOffset(BuildMI(&MBB, DebugLoc(), TII->get(X86::PUSH32rmm)), X86::ESP,
+               false, 4);
+  addRegOffset(BuildMI(&MBB, DebugLoc(), TII->get(X86::PUSH32rmm)), X86::ESP,
+               false, 4);
+  addRegOffset(BuildMI(&MBB, DebugLoc(), TII->get(X86::POP32rmm)), X86::ESP,
+               false, 8);
+  addRegOffset(BuildMI(&MBB, DebugLoc(), TII->get(X86::POP32rmm)), X86::ESP,
+               false, 0);
+}
+
+void X86RetpolineThunks::createThunk(Module &M, StringRef NameSuffix,
+                                     Optional<unsigned> Reg) {
+  Function &F =
+      *createThunkFunction(M, (Twine("__llvm_retpoline_") + NameSuffix).str());
+  MachineFunction &MF = MMI->getOrCreateMachineFunction(F);
+
+  // Set MF properties. We never use vregs...
+  MF.getProperties().set(MachineFunctionProperties::Property::NoVRegs);
+
+  BasicBlock &OrigEntryBB = F.getEntryBlock();
+  MachineBasicBlock *Entry = MF.CreateMachineBasicBlock(&OrigEntryBB);
+  MachineBasicBlock *CaptureSpec = MF.CreateMachineBasicBlock(&OrigEntryBB);
+  MachineBasicBlock *CallTarget = MF.CreateMachineBasicBlock(&OrigEntryBB);
+
+  MF.push_back(Entry);
+  MF.push_back(CaptureSpec);
+  MF.push_back(CallTarget);
+
+  const unsigned CallOpc = Is64Bit ? X86::CALL64pcrel32 : X86::CALLpcrel32;
+  const unsigned RetOpc = Is64Bit ? X86::RETQ : X86::RETL;
+
+  BuildMI(Entry, DebugLoc(), TII->get(CallOpc)).addMBB(CallTarget);
+  Entry->addSuccessor(CallTarget);
+  Entry->addSuccessor(CaptureSpec);
+  CallTarget->setHasAddressTaken();
+
+  // In the capture loop for speculation, we want to stop the processor from
+  // speculating as fast as possible. On Intel processors, the PAUSE instruction
+  // will block speculation without consuming any execution resources. On AMD
+  // processors, the PAUSE instruction is (essentially) a nop, so we also use an
+  // LFENCE instruction which they have advised will stop speculation as well
+  // with minimal resource utilization. We still end the capture with a jump to
+  // form an infinite loop to fully guarantee that no matter what implementation
+  // of the x86 ISA, speculating this code path never escapes.
+  BuildMI(CaptureSpec, DebugLoc(), TII->get(X86::PAUSE));
+  BuildMI(CaptureSpec, DebugLoc(), TII->get(X86::LFENCE));
+  BuildMI(CaptureSpec, DebugLoc(), TII->get(X86::JMP_1)).addMBB(CaptureSpec);
+  CaptureSpec->setHasAddressTaken();
+  CaptureSpec->addSuccessor(CaptureSpec);
+
+  CallTarget->setAlignment(4);
+  if (Reg) {
+    insertRegReturnAddrClobber(*CallTarget, *Reg);
+  } else {
+    assert(!Is64Bit && "We only support non-reg thunks on 32-bit x86!");
+    insert32BitPushReturnAddrClobber(*CallTarget);
+  }
+  BuildMI(CallTarget, DebugLoc(), TII->get(RetOpc));
+}
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.cpp b/lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.cpp
index 24845be..0180090 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.cpp
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.cpp
@@ -315,6 +315,8 @@ void X86Subtarget::initializeEnvironment() {
   HasCLFLUSHOPT = false;
   HasCLWB = false;
   IsBTMemSlow = false;
+  UseRetpoline = false;
+  UseRetpolineExternalThunk = false;
   IsPMULLDSlow = false;
   IsSHLDSlow = false;
   IsUAMem16Slow = false;
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.h b/lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.h
index 427a000..614f833 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.h
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86Subtarget.h
@@ -297,6 +297,14 @@ protected:
   /// Processor supports Cache Line Write Back instruction
   bool HasCLWB;
 
+  /// Use a retpoline thunk rather than indirect calls to block speculative
+  /// execution.
+  bool UseRetpoline;
+
+  /// When using a retpoline thunk, call an externally provided thunk rather
+  /// than emitting one inside the compiler.
+  bool UseRetpolineExternalThunk;
+
   /// Use software floating point for code generation.
   bool UseSoftFloat;
 
@@ -506,6 +514,8 @@ public:
   bool hasPKU() const { return HasPKU; }
   bool hasMPX() const { return HasMPX; }
   bool hasCLFLUSHOPT() const { return HasCLFLUSHOPT; }
+  bool useRetpoline() const { return UseRetpoline; }
+  bool useRetpolineExternalThunk() const { return UseRetpolineExternalThunk; }
 
   bool isXRaySupported() const override { return is64Bit(); }
 
@@ -639,6 +649,10 @@ public:
   /// compiler runtime or math libraries.
   bool hasSinCos() const;
 
+  /// If we are using retpolines, we need to expand indirectbr to avoid it
+  /// lowering to an actual indirect jump.
+  bool enableIndirectBrExpand() const override { return useRetpoline(); }
+
   /// Enable the MachineScheduler pass for all X86 subtargets.
   bool enableMachineScheduler() const override { return true; }
 
diff --git a/lib/Target/X86/X86TargetMachine.cpp b/lib/Target/X86/X86TargetMachine.cpp
index 08c2cda..939e447 100644
--- a/lib/Target/X86/X86TargetMachine.cpp
+++ b/lib/Target/X86/X86TargetMachine.cpp
@@ -305,6 +305,7 @@ public:
   void addPreRegAlloc() override;
   void addPostRegAlloc() override;
   void addPreEmitPass() override;
+  void addPreEmitPass2() override;
   void addPreSched2() override;
 };
 
@@ -334,6 +335,11 @@ void X86PassConfig::addIRPasses() {
 
   if (TM->getOptLevel() != CodeGenOpt::None)
     addPass(createInterleavedAccessPass());
+
+  // Add passes that handle indirect branch removal and insertion of a retpoline
+  // thunk. These will be a no-op unless a function subtarget has the retpoline
+  // feature enabled.
+  addPass(createIndirectBrExpandPass());
 }
 
 bool X86PassConfig::addInstSelector() {
@@ -418,3 +424,7 @@ void X86PassConfig::addPreEmitPass() {
     addPass(createX86EvexToVexInsts());
   }
 }
+
+void X86PassConfig::addPreEmitPass2() {
+  addPass(createX86RetpolineThunksPass());
+}
diff --git a/test/CodeGen/X86/O0-pipeline.ll b/test/CodeGen/X86/O0-pipeline.ll
index 5e375cc..f9bd66f 100644
--- a/test/CodeGen/X86/O0-pipeline.ll
+++ b/test/CodeGen/X86/O0-pipeline.ll
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       Inserts calls to mcount-like functions
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       Scalarize Masked Memory Intrinsics
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       Expand reduction intrinsics
+; CHECK-NEXT:       Expand indirectbr instructions
 ; CHECK-NEXT:     Rewrite Symbols
 ; CHECK-NEXT:     FunctionPass Manager
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       Dominator Tree Construction
@@ -55,6 +56,8 @@
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       Machine Natural Loop Construction
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       Insert XRay ops
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       Implement the 'patchable-function' attribute
+; CHECK-NEXT:     X86 Retpoline Thunks
+; CHECK-NEXT:     FunctionPass Manager
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       Lazy Machine Block Frequency Analysis
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       Machine Optimization Remark Emitter
 ; CHECK-NEXT:       MachineDominator Tree Construction
diff --git a/test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline-external.ll b/test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline-external.ll
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..66d32ba
--- /dev/null
+++ b/test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline-external.ll
@@ -0,0 +1,166 @@
+; RUN: llc -mtriple=x86_64-unknown < %s | FileCheck %s --implicit-check-not="jmp.*\*" --implicit-check-not="call.*\*" --check-prefix=X64
+; RUN: llc -mtriple=x86_64-unknown -O0 < %s | FileCheck %s --implicit-check-not="jmp.*\*" --implicit-check-not="call.*\*" --check-prefix=X64FAST
+
+; RUN: llc -mtriple=i686-unknown < %s | FileCheck %s --implicit-check-not="jmp.*\*" --implicit-check-not="call.*\*" --check-prefix=X86
+; RUN: llc -mtriple=i686-unknown -O0 < %s | FileCheck %s --implicit-check-not="jmp.*\*" --implicit-check-not="call.*\*" --check-prefix=X86FAST
+
+declare void @bar(i32)
+
+; Test a simple indirect call and tail call.
+define void @icall_reg(void (i32)* %fp, i32 %x) #0 {
+entry:
+  tail call void @bar(i32 %x)
+  tail call void %fp(i32 %x)
+  tail call void @bar(i32 %x)
+  tail call void %fp(i32 %x)
+  ret void
+}
+
+; X64-LABEL: icall_reg:
+; X64-DAG:   movq %rdi, %[[fp:[^ ]*]]
+; X64-DAG:   movl %esi, %[[x:[^ ]*]]
+; X64:       movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64:       callq bar
+; X64-DAG:   movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64-DAG:   movq %[[fp]], %r11
+; X64:       callq __llvm_external_retpoline_r11
+; X64:       movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64:       callq bar
+; X64-DAG:   movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64-DAG:   movq %[[fp]], %r11
+; X64:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X64FAST-LABEL: icall_reg:
+; X64FAST:       callq bar
+; X64FAST:       callq __llvm_external_retpoline_r11
+; X64FAST:       callq bar
+; X64FAST:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X86-LABEL: icall_reg:
+; X86-DAG:   movl 12(%esp), %[[fp:[^ ]*]]
+; X86-DAG:   movl 16(%esp), %[[x:[^ ]*]]
+; X86:       pushl %[[x]]
+; X86:       calll bar
+; X86:       movl %[[fp]], %eax
+; X86:       pushl %[[x]]
+; X86:       calll __llvm_external_retpoline_eax
+; X86:       pushl %[[x]]
+; X86:       calll bar
+; X86:       movl %[[fp]], %eax
+; X86:       pushl %[[x]]
+; X86:       calll __llvm_external_retpoline_eax
+; X86-NOT:   # TAILCALL
+
+; X86FAST-LABEL: icall_reg:
+; X86FAST:       calll bar
+; X86FAST:       calll __llvm_external_retpoline_eax
+; X86FAST:       calll bar
+; X86FAST:       calll __llvm_external_retpoline_eax
+
+
+@global_fp = external global void (i32)*
+
+; Test an indirect call through a global variable.
+define void @icall_global_fp(i32 %x, void (i32)** %fpp) #0 {
+  %fp1 = load void (i32)*, void (i32)** @global_fp
+  call void %fp1(i32 %x)
+  %fp2 = load void (i32)*, void (i32)** @global_fp
+  tail call void %fp2(i32 %x)
+  ret void
+}
+
+; X64-LABEL: icall_global_fp:
+; X64-DAG:   movl %edi, %[[x:[^ ]*]]
+; X64-DAG:   movq global_fp(%rip), %r11
+; X64:       callq __llvm_external_retpoline_r11
+; X64-DAG:   movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64-DAG:   movq global_fp(%rip), %r11
+; X64:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X64FAST-LABEL: icall_global_fp:
+; X64FAST:       movq global_fp(%rip), %r11
+; X64FAST:       callq __llvm_external_retpoline_r11
+; X64FAST:       movq global_fp(%rip), %r11
+; X64FAST:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X86-LABEL: icall_global_fp:
+; X86:       movl global_fp, %eax
+; X86:       pushl 4(%esp)
+; X86:       calll __llvm_external_retpoline_eax
+; X86:       addl $4, %esp
+; X86:       movl global_fp, %eax
+; X86:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_eax # TAILCALL
+
+; X86FAST-LABEL: icall_global_fp:
+; X86FAST:       calll __llvm_external_retpoline_eax
+; X86FAST:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_eax # TAILCALL
+
+
+%struct.Foo = type { void (%struct.Foo*)** }
+
+; Test an indirect call through a vtable.
+define void @vcall(%struct.Foo* %obj) #0 {
+  %vptr_field = getelementptr %struct.Foo, %struct.Foo* %obj, i32 0, i32 0
+  %vptr = load void (%struct.Foo*)**, void (%struct.Foo*)*** %vptr_field
+  %vslot = getelementptr void(%struct.Foo*)*, void(%struct.Foo*)** %vptr, i32 1
+  %fp = load void(%struct.Foo*)*, void(%struct.Foo*)** %vslot
+  tail call void %fp(%struct.Foo* %obj)
+  tail call void %fp(%struct.Foo* %obj)
+  ret void
+}
+
+; X64-LABEL: vcall:
+; X64:       movq %rdi, %[[obj:[^ ]*]]
+; X64:       movq (%[[obj]]), %[[vptr:[^ ]*]]
+; X64:       movq 8(%[[vptr]]), %[[fp:[^ ]*]]
+; X64:       movq %[[fp]], %r11
+; X64:       callq __llvm_external_retpoline_r11
+; X64-DAG:   movq %[[obj]], %rdi
+; X64-DAG:   movq %[[fp]], %r11
+; X64:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X64FAST-LABEL: vcall:
+; X64FAST:       callq __llvm_external_retpoline_r11
+; X64FAST:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X86-LABEL: vcall:
+; X86:       movl 8(%esp), %[[obj:[^ ]*]]
+; X86:       movl (%[[obj]]), %[[vptr:[^ ]*]]
+; X86:       movl 4(%[[vptr]]), %[[fp:[^ ]*]]
+; X86:       movl %[[fp]], %eax
+; X86:       pushl %[[obj]]
+; X86:       calll __llvm_external_retpoline_eax
+; X86:       addl $4, %esp
+; X86:       movl %[[fp]], %eax
+; X86:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_eax # TAILCALL
+
+; X86FAST-LABEL: vcall:
+; X86FAST:       calll __llvm_external_retpoline_eax
+; X86FAST:       jmp __llvm_external_retpoline_eax # TAILCALL
+
+
+declare void @direct_callee()
+
+define void @direct_tail() #0 {
+  tail call void @direct_callee()
+  ret void
+}
+
+; X64-LABEL: direct_tail:
+; X64:       jmp direct_callee # TAILCALL
+; X64FAST-LABEL: direct_tail:
+; X64FAST:   jmp direct_callee # TAILCALL
+; X86-LABEL: direct_tail:
+; X86:       jmp direct_callee # TAILCALL
+; X86FAST-LABEL: direct_tail:
+; X86FAST:   jmp direct_callee # TAILCALL
+
+
+; Lastly check that no thunks were emitted.
+; X64-NOT: __{{.*}}_retpoline_{{.*}}:
+; X64FAST-NOT: __{{.*}}_retpoline_{{.*}}:
+; X86-NOT: __{{.*}}_retpoline_{{.*}}:
+; X86FAST-NOT: __{{.*}}_retpoline_{{.*}}:
+
+
+attributes #0 = { "target-features"="+retpoline-external-thunk" }
diff --git a/test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline.ll b/test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline.ll
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b0d4c85
--- /dev/null
+++ b/test/CodeGen/X86/retpoline.ll
@@ -0,0 +1,363 @@
+; RUN: llc -mtriple=x86_64-unknown < %s | FileCheck %s --implicit-check-not="jmp.*\*" --implicit-check-not="call.*\*" --check-prefix=X64
+; RUN: llc -mtriple=x86_64-unknown -O0 < %s | FileCheck %s --implicit-check-not="jmp.*\*" --implicit-check-not="call.*\*" --check-prefix=X64FAST
+
+; RUN: llc -mtriple=i686-unknown < %s | FileCheck %s --implicit-check-not="jmp.*\*" --implicit-check-not="call.*\*" --check-prefix=X86
+; RUN: llc -mtriple=i686-unknown -O0 < %s | FileCheck %s --implicit-check-not="jmp.*\*" --implicit-check-not="call.*\*" --check-prefix=X86FAST
+
+declare void @bar(i32)
+
+; Test a simple indirect call and tail call.
+define void @icall_reg(void (i32)* %fp, i32 %x) #0 {
+entry:
+  tail call void @bar(i32 %x)
+  tail call void %fp(i32 %x)
+  tail call void @bar(i32 %x)
+  tail call void %fp(i32 %x)
+  ret void
+}
+
+; X64-LABEL: icall_reg:
+; X64-DAG:   movq %rdi, %[[fp:[^ ]*]]
+; X64-DAG:   movl %esi, %[[x:[^ ]*]]
+; X64:       movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64:       callq bar
+; X64-DAG:   movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64-DAG:   movq %[[fp]], %r11
+; X64:       callq __llvm_retpoline_r11
+; X64:       movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64:       callq bar
+; X64-DAG:   movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64-DAG:   movq %[[fp]], %r11
+; X64:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X64FAST-LABEL: icall_reg:
+; X64FAST:       callq bar
+; X64FAST:       callq __llvm_retpoline_r11
+; X64FAST:       callq bar
+; X64FAST:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X86-LABEL: icall_reg:
+; X86-DAG:   movl 12(%esp), %[[fp:[^ ]*]]
+; X86-DAG:   movl 16(%esp), %[[x:[^ ]*]]
+; X86:       pushl %[[x]]
+; X86:       calll bar
+; X86:       movl %[[fp]], %eax
+; X86:       pushl %[[x]]
+; X86:       calll __llvm_retpoline_eax
+; X86:       pushl %[[x]]
+; X86:       calll bar
+; X86:       movl %[[fp]], %eax
+; X86:       pushl %[[x]]
+; X86:       calll __llvm_retpoline_eax
+; X86-NOT:   # TAILCALL
+
+; X86FAST-LABEL: icall_reg:
+; X86FAST:       calll bar
+; X86FAST:       calll __llvm_retpoline_eax
+; X86FAST:       calll bar
+; X86FAST:       calll __llvm_retpoline_eax
+
+
+@global_fp = external global void (i32)*
+
+; Test an indirect call through a global variable.
+define void @icall_global_fp(i32 %x, void (i32)** %fpp) #0 {
+  %fp1 = load void (i32)*, void (i32)** @global_fp
+  call void %fp1(i32 %x)
+  %fp2 = load void (i32)*, void (i32)** @global_fp
+  tail call void %fp2(i32 %x)
+  ret void
+}
+
+; X64-LABEL: icall_global_fp:
+; X64-DAG:   movl %edi, %[[x:[^ ]*]]
+; X64-DAG:   movq global_fp(%rip), %r11
+; X64:       callq __llvm_retpoline_r11
+; X64-DAG:   movl %[[x]], %edi
+; X64-DAG:   movq global_fp(%rip), %r11
+; X64:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X64FAST-LABEL: icall_global_fp:
+; X64FAST:       movq global_fp(%rip), %r11
+; X64FAST:       callq __llvm_retpoline_r11
+; X64FAST:       movq global_fp(%rip), %r11
+; X64FAST:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X86-LABEL: icall_global_fp:
+; X86:       movl global_fp, %eax
+; X86:       pushl 4(%esp)
+; X86:       calll __llvm_retpoline_eax
+; X86:       addl $4, %esp
+; X86:       movl global_fp, %eax
+; X86:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_eax # TAILCALL
+
+; X86FAST-LABEL: icall_global_fp:
+; X86FAST:       calll __llvm_retpoline_eax
+; X86FAST:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_eax # TAILCALL
+
+
+%struct.Foo = type { void (%struct.Foo*)** }
+
+; Test an indirect call through a vtable.
+define void @vcall(%struct.Foo* %obj) #0 {
+  %vptr_field = getelementptr %struct.Foo, %struct.Foo* %obj, i32 0, i32 0
+  %vptr = load void (%struct.Foo*)**, void (%struct.Foo*)*** %vptr_field
+  %vslot = getelementptr void(%struct.Foo*)*, void(%struct.Foo*)** %vptr, i32 1
+  %fp = load void(%struct.Foo*)*, void(%struct.Foo*)** %vslot
+  tail call void %fp(%struct.Foo* %obj)
+  tail call void %fp(%struct.Foo* %obj)
+  ret void
+}
+
+; X64-LABEL: vcall:
+; X64:       movq %rdi, %[[obj:[^ ]*]]
+; X64:       movq (%[[obj]]), %[[vptr:[^ ]*]]
+; X64:       movq 8(%[[vptr]]), %[[fp:[^ ]*]]
+; X64:       movq %[[fp]], %r11
+; X64:       callq __llvm_retpoline_r11
+; X64-DAG:   movq %[[obj]], %rdi
+; X64-DAG:   movq %[[fp]], %r11
+; X64:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X64FAST-LABEL: vcall:
+; X64FAST:       callq __llvm_retpoline_r11
+; X64FAST:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_r11 # TAILCALL
+
+; X86-LABEL: vcall:
+; X86:       movl 8(%esp), %[[obj:[^ ]*]]
+; X86:       movl (%[[obj]]), %[[vptr:[^ ]*]]
+; X86:       movl 4(%[[vptr]]), %[[fp:[^ ]*]]
+; X86:       movl %[[fp]], %eax
+; X86:       pushl %[[obj]]
+; X86:       calll __llvm_retpoline_eax
+; X86:       addl $4, %esp
+; X86:       movl %[[fp]], %eax
+; X86:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_eax # TAILCALL
+
+; X86FAST-LABEL: vcall:
+; X86FAST:       calll __llvm_retpoline_eax
+; X86FAST:       jmp __llvm_retpoline_eax # TAILCALL
+
+
+declare void @direct_callee()
+
+define void @direct_tail() #0 {
+  tail call void @direct_callee()
+  ret void
+}
+
+; X64-LABEL: direct_tail:
+; X64:       jmp direct_callee # TAILCALL
+; X64FAST-LABEL: direct_tail:
+; X64FAST:   jmp direct_callee # TAILCALL
+; X86-LABEL: direct_tail:
+; X86:       jmp direct_callee # TAILCALL
+; X86FAST-LABEL: direct_tail:
+; X86FAST:   jmp direct_callee # TAILCALL
+
+
+declare void @nonlazybind_callee() #1
+
+define void @nonlazybind_caller() #0 {
+  call void @nonlazybind_callee()
+  tail call void @nonlazybind_callee()
+  ret void
+}
+
+; nonlazybind wasn't implemented in LLVM 5.0, so this looks the same as direct.
+; X64-LABEL: nonlazybind_caller:
+; X64:       callq nonlazybind_callee
+; X64:       jmp nonlazybind_callee # TAILCALL
+; X64FAST-LABEL: nonlazybind_caller:
+; X64FAST:   callq nonlazybind_callee
+; X64FAST:   jmp nonlazybind_callee # TAILCALL
+; X86-LABEL: nonlazybind_caller:
+; X86:       calll nonlazybind_callee
+; X86:       jmp nonlazybind_callee # TAILCALL
+; X86FAST-LABEL: nonlazybind_caller:
+; X86FAST:   calll nonlazybind_callee
+; X86FAST:   jmp nonlazybind_callee # TAILCALL
+
+
+@indirectbr_rewrite.targets = constant [10 x i8*] [i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb0),
+                                                   i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb1),
+                                                   i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb2),
+                                                   i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb3),
+                                                   i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb4),
+                                                   i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb5),
+                                                   i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb6),
+                                                   i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb7),
+                                                   i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb8),
+                                                   i8* blockaddress(@indirectbr_rewrite, %bb9)]
+
+; Check that when retpolines are enabled a function with indirectbr gets
+; rewritten to use switch, and that in turn doesn't get lowered as a jump
+; table.
+define void @indirectbr_rewrite(i64* readonly %p, i64* %sink) #0 {
+; X64-LABEL: indirectbr_rewrite:
+; X64-NOT:     jmpq
+; X86-LABEL: indirectbr_rewrite:
+; X86-NOT:     jmpl
+entry:
+  %i0 = load i64, i64* %p
+  %target.i0 = getelementptr [10 x i8*], [10 x i8*]* @indirectbr_rewrite.targets, i64 0, i64 %i0
+  %target0 = load i8*, i8** %target.i0
+  indirectbr i8* %target0, [label %bb1, label %bb3]
+
+bb0:
+  store volatile i64 0, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb1:
+  store volatile i64 1, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb2:
+  store volatile i64 2, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb3:
+  store volatile i64 3, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb4:
+  store volatile i64 4, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb5:
+  store volatile i64 5, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb6:
+  store volatile i64 6, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb7:
+  store volatile i64 7, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb8:
+  store volatile i64 8, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb9:
+  store volatile i64 9, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+latch:
+  %i.next = load i64, i64* %p
+  %target.i.next = getelementptr [10 x i8*], [10 x i8*]* @indirectbr_rewrite.targets, i64 0, i64 %i.next
+  %target.next = load i8*, i8** %target.i.next
+  ; Potentially hit a full 10 successors here so that even if we rewrite as
+  ; a switch it will try to be lowered with a jump table.
+  indirectbr i8* %target.next, [label %bb0,
+                                label %bb1,
+                                label %bb2,
+                                label %bb3,
+                                label %bb4,
+                                label %bb5,
+                                label %bb6,
+                                label %bb7,
+                                label %bb8,
+                                label %bb9]
+}
+
+; Lastly check that the necessary thunks were emitted.
+;
+; X64-LABEL:         .section        .text.__llvm_retpoline_r11,{{.*}},__llvm_retpoline_r11,comdat
+; X64-NEXT:          .hidden __llvm_retpoline_r11
+; X64-NEXT:          .weak   __llvm_retpoline_r11
+; X64:       __llvm_retpoline_r11:
+; X64-NEXT:  # {{.*}}                                # %entry
+; X64-NEXT:          callq   [[CALL_TARGET:.*]]
+; X64-NEXT:  [[CAPTURE_SPEC:.*]]:                    # Block address taken
+; X64-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X64-NEXT:                                          # =>This Inner Loop Header: Depth=1
+; X64-NEXT:          pause
+; X64-NEXT:          lfence
+; X64-NEXT:          jmp     [[CAPTURE_SPEC]]
+; X64-NEXT:          .p2align        4, 0x90
+; X64-NEXT:  [[CALL_TARGET]]:                        # Block address taken
+; X64-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X64-NEXT:          movq    %r11, (%rsp)
+; X64-NEXT:          retq
+;
+; X86-LABEL:         .section        .text.__llvm_retpoline_eax,{{.*}},__llvm_retpoline_eax,comdat
+; X86-NEXT:          .hidden __llvm_retpoline_eax
+; X86-NEXT:          .weak   __llvm_retpoline_eax
+; X86:       __llvm_retpoline_eax:
+; X86-NEXT:  # {{.*}}                                # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:          calll   [[CALL_TARGET:.*]]
+; X86-NEXT:  [[CAPTURE_SPEC:.*]]:                    # Block address taken
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # =>This Inner Loop Header: Depth=1
+; X86-NEXT:          pause
+; X86-NEXT:          lfence
+; X86-NEXT:          jmp     [[CAPTURE_SPEC]]
+; X86-NEXT:          .p2align        4, 0x90
+; X86-NEXT:  [[CALL_TARGET]]:                        # Block address taken
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:          movl    %eax, (%esp)
+; X86-NEXT:          retl
+;
+; X86-LABEL:         .section        .text.__llvm_retpoline_ecx,{{.*}},__llvm_retpoline_ecx,comdat
+; X86-NEXT:          .hidden __llvm_retpoline_ecx
+; X86-NEXT:          .weak   __llvm_retpoline_ecx
+; X86:       __llvm_retpoline_ecx:
+; X86-NEXT:  # {{.*}}                                # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:          calll   [[CALL_TARGET:.*]]
+; X86-NEXT:  [[CAPTURE_SPEC:.*]]:                    # Block address taken
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # =>This Inner Loop Header: Depth=1
+; X86-NEXT:          pause
+; X86-NEXT:          lfence
+; X86-NEXT:          jmp     [[CAPTURE_SPEC]]
+; X86-NEXT:          .p2align        4, 0x90
+; X86-NEXT:  [[CALL_TARGET]]:                        # Block address taken
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:          movl    %ecx, (%esp)
+; X86-NEXT:          retl
+;
+; X86-LABEL:         .section        .text.__llvm_retpoline_edx,{{.*}},__llvm_retpoline_edx,comdat
+; X86-NEXT:          .hidden __llvm_retpoline_edx
+; X86-NEXT:          .weak   __llvm_retpoline_edx
+; X86:       __llvm_retpoline_edx:
+; X86-NEXT:  # {{.*}}                                # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:          calll   [[CALL_TARGET:.*]]
+; X86-NEXT:  [[CAPTURE_SPEC:.*]]:                    # Block address taken
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # =>This Inner Loop Header: Depth=1
+; X86-NEXT:          pause
+; X86-NEXT:          lfence
+; X86-NEXT:          jmp     [[CAPTURE_SPEC]]
+; X86-NEXT:          .p2align        4, 0x90
+; X86-NEXT:  [[CALL_TARGET]]:                        # Block address taken
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:          movl    %edx, (%esp)
+; X86-NEXT:          retl
+;
+; X86-LABEL:         .section        .text.__llvm_retpoline_push,{{.*}},__llvm_retpoline_push,comdat
+; X86-NEXT:          .hidden __llvm_retpoline_push
+; X86-NEXT:          .weak   __llvm_retpoline_push
+; X86:       __llvm_retpoline_push:
+; X86-NEXT:  # {{.*}}                                # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:          calll   [[CALL_TARGET:.*]]
+; X86-NEXT:  [[CAPTURE_SPEC:.*]]:                    # Block address taken
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # =>This Inner Loop Header: Depth=1
+; X86-NEXT:          pause
+; X86-NEXT:          lfence
+; X86-NEXT:          jmp     [[CAPTURE_SPEC]]
+; X86-NEXT:          .p2align        4, 0x90
+; X86-NEXT:  [[CALL_TARGET]]:                        # Block address taken
+; X86-NEXT:                                          # %entry
+; X86-NEXT:          addl    $4, %esp
+; X86-NEXT:          pushl   4(%esp)
+; X86-NEXT:          pushl   4(%esp)
+; X86-NEXT:          popl    8(%esp)
+; X86-NEXT:          popl    (%esp)
+; X86-NEXT:          retl
+
+
+attributes #0 = { "target-features"="+retpoline" }
+attributes #1 = { nonlazybind }
diff --git a/test/Transforms/IndirectBrExpand/basic.ll b/test/Transforms/IndirectBrExpand/basic.ll
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d0319c6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/test/Transforms/IndirectBrExpand/basic.ll
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+; RUN: opt < %s -indirectbr-expand -S | FileCheck %s
+;
+; REQUIRES: x86-registered-target
+
+target triple = "x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu"
+
+@test1.targets = constant [4 x i8*] [i8* blockaddress(@test1, %bb0),
+                                     i8* blockaddress(@test1, %bb1),
+                                     i8* blockaddress(@test1, %bb2),
+                                     i8* blockaddress(@test1, %bb3)]
+; CHECK-LABEL: @test1.targets = constant [4 x i8*]
+; CHECK:       [i8* inttoptr (i64 1 to i8*),
+; CHECK:        i8* inttoptr (i64 2 to i8*),
+; CHECK:        i8* inttoptr (i64 3 to i8*),
+; CHECK:        i8* blockaddress(@test1, %bb3)]
+
+define void @test1(i64* readonly %p, i64* %sink) #0 {
+; CHECK-LABEL: define void @test1(
+entry:
+  %i0 = load i64, i64* %p
+  %target.i0 = getelementptr [4 x i8*], [4 x i8*]* @test1.targets, i64 0, i64 %i0
+  %target0 = load i8*, i8** %target.i0
+  ; Only a subset of blocks are viable successors here.
+  indirectbr i8* %target0, [label %bb0, label %bb1]
+; CHECK-NOT:     indirectbr
+; CHECK:         %[[ENTRY_V:.*]] = ptrtoint i8* %{{.*}} to i64
+; CHECK-NEXT:    br label %[[SWITCH_BB:.*]]
+
+bb0:
+  store volatile i64 0, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb1:
+  store volatile i64 1, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb2:
+  store volatile i64 2, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+bb3:
+  store volatile i64 3, i64* %sink
+  br label %latch
+
+latch:
+  %i.next = load i64, i64* %p
+  %target.i.next = getelementptr [4 x i8*], [4 x i8*]* @test1.targets, i64 0, i64 %i.next
+  %target.next = load i8*, i8** %target.i.next
+  ; A different subset of blocks are viable successors here.
+  indirectbr i8* %target.next, [label %bb1, label %bb2]
+; CHECK-NOT:     indirectbr
+; CHECK:         %[[LATCH_V:.*]] = ptrtoint i8* %{{.*}} to i64
+; CHECK-NEXT:    br label %[[SWITCH_BB]]
+;
+; CHECK:       [[SWITCH_BB]]:
+; CHECK-NEXT:    %[[V:.*]] = phi i64 [ %[[ENTRY_V]], %entry ], [ %[[LATCH_V]], %latch ]
+; CHECK-NEXT:    switch i64 %[[V]], label %bb0 [
+; CHECK-NEXT:      i64 2, label %bb1
+; CHECK-NEXT:      i64 3, label %bb2
+; CHECK-NEXT:    ]
+}
+
+attributes #0 = { "target-features"="+retpoline" }
diff --git a/tools/opt/opt.cpp b/tools/opt/opt.cpp
index 24cce58..1c4a599 100644
--- a/tools/opt/opt.cpp
+++ b/tools/opt/opt.cpp
@@ -401,6 +401,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv) {
   initializeSjLjEHPreparePass(Registry);
   initializePreISelIntrinsicLoweringLegacyPassPass(Registry);
   initializeGlobalMergePass(Registry);
+  initializeIndirectBrExpandPassPass(Registry);
   initializeInterleavedAccessPass(Registry);
   initializeCountingFunctionInserterPass(Registry);
   initializeUnreachableBlockElimLegacyPassPass(Registry);
-- 
1.8.3.1