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Copyright (C) 2013 Red Hat, Inc.
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This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
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it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
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(at your option) any later version.
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This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
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GNU General Public License for more details.
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////
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update-ca-trust(8)
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==================
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:doctype: manpage
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:man source: update-ca-trust
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NAME
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----
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update-ca-trust - manage consolidated and dynamic configuration of CA 
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certificates and associated trust
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SYNOPSIS
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--------
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*update-ca-trust* ['COMMAND']
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DESCRIPTION
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-----------
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update-ca-trust(8) is used to manage a consolidated and dynamic configuration 
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feature of Certificate Authority (CA) certificates and associated trust.
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The feature is available for new applications that read the
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consolidated configuration files found in the /etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted directory
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or that load the PKCS#11 module p11-kit-trust.so
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Parts of the new feature are also provided in a way to make it useful
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for legacy applications.
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Many legacy applications expect CA certificates and trust configuration
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in a fixed location, contained in files with particular path and name,
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or by referring to a classic PKCS#11 trust module provided by the 
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NSS cryptographic library.
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The dynamic configuration feature provides functionally compatible replacements 
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for classic configuration files and for the classic NSS trust module named libnssckbi.
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In order to enable legacy applications, that read the classic files or 
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access the classic module, to make use of the new consolidated and dynamic configuration 
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feature, the classic filenames have been changed to symbolic links.
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The symbolic links refer to dynamically created and consolidated 
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output stored below the /etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted directory hierarchy.
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The output is produced using the 'update-ca-trust' command (without parameters),
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or using the 'update-ca-trust extract' command.
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In order to produce the output, a flexible set of source configuration
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is read, as described in section <<sourceconf,source configuration="">>.
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In addition, the classic PKCS#11 module 
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is replaced with a new PKCS#11 module (p11-kit-trust.so) that dynamically 
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reads the same source configuration.
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[[sourceconf]]
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SOURCE CONFIGURATION
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--------------------
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The dynamic configuration feature uses several source directories that
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will be scanned for any number of source files. *It is important to select 
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the correct subdirectory for adding files, as the subdirectory defines how 
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contained certificates will be trusted or distrusted, and which file formats are read.*
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Files in *subdirectories below the directory hierarchy /usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/* contain CA certificates and 
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trust settings in the PEM file format. The trust settings found here will be
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interpreted with a *low priority*.
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Files in *subdirectories below the directory hierarchy /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/* contain CA certificates and 
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trust settings in the PEM file format. The trust settings found here will be
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interpreted with a *high priority*.
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.You may use the following rules of thumb to decide, whether your configuration files should be added to the /etc or rather to the /usr directory hierarchy:
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* If you are manually adding a configuration file to a system, you probably 
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want it to override any other default configuration, and you most likely should
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add it to the respective subdirectory in the /etc hierarchy.
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* If you are creating a package that provides additional root CA certificates,
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that is intended for distribution to several computer systems, but you still
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want to allow the administrator to override your list, then your package should 
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add your files to the respective subdirectory in the /usr hierarchy.
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* If you are creating a package that is supposed to override the default system
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trust settings, that is intended for distribution to several computer systems, then your package should install the files to the respective
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subdirectory in the /etc hierarchy.
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.*QUICK HELP 1*: To add a certificate in the simple PEM or DER file formats to the list of CAs trusted on the system:
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* add it as a new file to directory /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/
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* run 'update-ca-trust extract'
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.*QUICK HELP 2*: If your certificate is in the extended BEGIN TRUSTED file format (which may contain distrust/blacklist trust flags, or trust flags for usages other than TLS) then:
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* add it as a new file to directory /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/
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* run 'update-ca-trust extract'
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.In order to offer simplicity and flexibility, the way certificate files are treated depends on the subdirectory they are installed to.
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* simple trust anchors subdirectory: /usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/anchors/ or /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/
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* simple blacklist (distrust) subdirectory: /usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/blacklist/ or /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/blacklist/
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* extended format directory: /usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/ or /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/
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.In the main directories /usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/ or /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/ you may install one or multiple files in the following file formats:
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* certificate files that include trust flags,
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  in the BEGIN/END TRUSTED CERTIFICATE file format
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  (any file name), which have been created using the openssl x509 tool
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  and the -addreject -addtrust options.
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  Bundle files with multiple certificates are supported.
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* files in the p11-kit file format using the .p11-kit file name
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  extension, which can (e.g.) be used to distrust certificates
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  based on serial number and issuer name, without having the
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  full certificate available.
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  (This is currently an undocumented format, to be extended later.
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   For examples of the supported formats, see the files
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   shipped with the ca-certificates package.)
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* certificate files without trust flags in either the DER file format or in
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  the PEM (BEGIN/END CERTIFICATE) file format (any file name). Such files 
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  will be added with neutral trust, neither trusted nor distrusted.
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  They will simply be known to the system, which might be helpful to
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  assist cryptographic software in constructing chains of certificates.
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  (If you want a CA certificate in these file formats to be trusted, you 
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   should remove it from this directory and move it to the 
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   ./anchors subdirectory instead.)
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In the anchors subdirectories /usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/anchors/ or /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/
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you may install one or multiple certificates in either the DER file
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format or in the PEM (BEGIN/END CERTIFICATE) file format.
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Each certificate will be treated as *trusted* for all purposes.
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In the blacklist subdirectories /usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/blacklist/ or /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/blacklist/
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you may install one or multiple certificates in either the DER file
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format or in the PEM (BEGIN/END CERTIFICATE) file format.
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Each certificate will be treated as *distrusted* for all purposes.
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Please refer to the x509(1) manual page for the documentation of the 
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BEGIN/END CERTIFICATE and BEGIN/END TRUSTED CERTIFICATE file formats.
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Applications that rely on a static file for a list of trusted CAs
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may load one of the files found in the /etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted
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directory. After modifying any file in the
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/usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/ or /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/
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directories or in any of their subdirectories, or after adding a file, 
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it is necessary to run the 'update-ca-trust extract' command,
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in order to update the consolidated files in /etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted/ .
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Applications that load the classic PKCS#11 module using filename libnssckbi.so 
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(which has been converted into a symbolic link pointing to the new module)
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and any application capable of 
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loading PKCS#11 modules and loading p11-kit-trust.so, will benefit from
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the dynamically merged set of certificates and trust information stored in the
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/usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/ and /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/ directories.
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[[extractconf]]
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EXTRACTED CONFIGURATION
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-----------------------
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The directory /etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted/ contains generated CA certificate 
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bundle files which are created and updated, based on the <<sourceconf,source configuration="">> 
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by running the 'update-ca-trust extract' command.
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If your application isn't able to load the PKCS#11 module p11-kit-trust.so,
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then you can use these files in your application to load a list of global
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root CA certificates.
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Please never manually edit the files stored in this directory,
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because your changes will be lost and the files automatically overwritten,
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each time the 'update-ca-trust extract' command gets executed.
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In order to install new trusted or distrusted certificates,
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please rather install them in the respective subdirectory below the
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/usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source/ or /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/
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directories, as described in the <<sourceconf,source configuration="">> section.
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The directory /etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted/java/ contains 
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a CA certificate bundle in the java keystore file format.
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Distrust information cannot be represented in this file format,
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and distrusted certificates are missing from these files.
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File cacerts contains CA certificates trusted for TLS server authentication.
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The directory /etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted/openssl/ contains 
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CA certificate bundle files in the extended BEGIN/END TRUSTED CERTIFICATE file format, 
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as described in the x509(1) manual page.
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File ca-bundle.trust.crt contains the full set of all trusted
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or distrusted certificates, including the associated trust flags.
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The directory /etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted/pem/ contains 
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CA certificate bundle files in the simple BEGIN/END CERTIFICATE file format, 
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as decribed in the x509(1) manual page.
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Distrust information cannot be represented in this file format,
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and distrusted certificates are missing from these files.
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File tls-ca-bundle.pem contains CA certificates 
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trusted for TLS server authentication.
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File email-ca-bundle.pem contains CA certificates 
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trusted for E-Mail protection.
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File objsign-ca-bundle.pem contains CA certificates 
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trusted for code signing.
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COMMANDS
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--------
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(absent/empty command)::
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    Same as the *extract* command described below. (However, the command may
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    print fewer warnings, as this command is being run during rpm package 
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    installation, where non-fatal status output is undesired.)
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*extract*::
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    Instruct update-ca-trust to scan the <<sourceconf,source configuration="">> and produce 
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    updated versions of the consolidated configuration files stored below
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    the /etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted directory hierarchy.
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FILES
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-----
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/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.crt::
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	Classic filename, file contains a list of CA certificates trusted for TLS server authentication usage, in the simple BEGIN/END CERTIFICATE file format, without distrust information.
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	This file is a symbolic link that refers to the consolidated output created by the update-ca-trust command.
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/etc/pki/tls/certs/ca-bundle.trust.crt::
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	Classic filename, file contains a list of CA certificates in the extended BEGIN/END TRUSTED CERTIFICATE file format, which includes trust (and/or distrust) flags specific to certificate usage.
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	This file is a symbolic link that refers to the consolidated output created by the update-ca-trust command.
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/etc/pki/java/cacerts::
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	Classic filename, file contains a list of CA certificates trusted for TLS server authentication usage, in the Java keystore file format, without distrust information.
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	This file is a symbolic link that refers to the consolidated output created by the update-ca-trust command.
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/usr/share/pki/ca-trust-source::
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	Contains multiple, low priority source configuration files as explained in section <<sourceconf,source configuration="">>. Please pay attention to the specific meanings of the respective subdirectories.
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/etc/pki/ca-trust/source::
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	Contains multiple, high priority source configuration files as explained in section <<sourceconf,source configuration="">>. Please pay attention to the specific meanings of the respective subdirectories.
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/etc/pki/ca-trust/extracted::
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	Contains consolidated and automatically generated configuration files for consumption by applications, 
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	which are created using the 'update-ca-trust extract' command. Don't edit files in this directory, because they will be overwritten.
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	See section <<extractconf,extracted configuration="">> for additional details.
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AUTHOR
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------
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Written by Kai Engert and Stef Walter.