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Change the built-in default socket directory to be /var/run/postgresql.
For backwards compatibility with (probably non-libpq-based) clients that
might still expect to find the socket in /tmp, also create a socket in
/tmp.  This is to resolve communication problems with clients operating
under systemd's PrivateTmp environment, which won't be using the same
global /tmp directory as the server; see bug #825448.

Note that we apply the socket directory change at the level of the
hard-wired defaults in the C code, not by just twiddling the setting in
postgresql.conf.sample; this is so that the change will take effect on
server package update, without requiring any existing postgresql.conf
to be updated.  (Of course, a user who dislikes this behavior can still
override it via postgresql.conf.)

diff --git a/src/backend/utils/misc/guc.c b/src/backend/utils/misc/guc.c
index 4dde819652..8c2f601333 100644
--- a/src/backend/utils/misc/guc.c
+++ b/src/backend/utils/misc/guc.c
@@ -4159,7 +4159,7 @@ static struct config_string ConfigureNamesString[] =
diff --git a/src/bin/initdb/initdb.c b/src/bin/initdb/initdb.c
index 4ff0c6c700..6ccd96b1f2 100644
--- a/src/bin/initdb/initdb.c
+++ b/src/bin/initdb/initdb.c
@@ -1091,7 +1091,7 @@ setup_config(void)
 	snprintf(repltok, sizeof(repltok), "#unix_socket_directories = '%s'",
+			 DEFAULT_PGSOCKET_DIR ", /tmp");
 	snprintf(repltok, sizeof(repltok), "#unix_socket_directories = ''");
diff --git a/src/include/pg_config_manual.h b/src/include/pg_config_manual.h
index 8f3ec6bde1..066daf3f08 100644
--- a/src/include/pg_config_manual.h
+++ b/src/include/pg_config_manual.h
@@ -203,7 +203,7 @@
 #ifndef WIN32
 #define DEFAULT_PGSOCKET_DIR  "/tmp"
+#define DEFAULT_PGSOCKET_DIR  "/var/run/postgresql"