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From 0fe04e1dc741a43190e79a985fb0cec0493ebfe9 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: David Mitchell <>
Date: Wed, 29 Aug 2018 14:32:24 +0100
Subject: [PATCH] multiconcat: mutator not seen in (lex = ...) .= ...
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RT #133441

(($lex = expr1.expr2) .= expr3) was being misinterpreted as
(expr1 . expr2 . expr3) when the ($lex = expr1) subtree had had the
assign op optimised away by the OPpTARGET_MY optimisation.

Full details.

S_maybe_multiconcat() looks for suitable chains of OP_CONCAT to convert
into a single OP_MULTICONCAT.

Part of the code needs to distinguish between (expr . expr) and
(expr .= expr). This didn't used to be easy, as both are just OP_CONCAT
ops, but with the OPf_STACKED set on the second one. But...

perl also used to optimise ($a . $b . $c) into ($a . $b) .= $c, to
reuse the padtmp returned by the $a.$b concat. This meant that an
OP_CONCAT could have the OPf_STACKED flag on even when it was a '.'
rather than a '.='.

I disambiguated these cases by seeing whether the top op in the LHS
expression had the OPf_MOD flag set too - if so, it implies '.='.

This fails in the specific case where the LHS expression is a
sub-expression which is assigned to a lexical variable, e.g.

    ($lex = $a+$b) .= $c.

Initially the top node in the LHS expression above is OP_SASSIGN, with
OPf_MOD set due to the enclosing '.='. Then the OPpTARGET_MY
optimisation kicks in, and the ($lex = $a + $b) part of the optree is
converted from

    sassign sKPRMS
        add[t4] sK
            padsv[a$] s
            padsv[$b] s
        padsv[$lex] s

        add[$lex] sK/TARGMY
            padsv[a$] s
            padsv[$b] s

which is all fine and dandy, except that the top node of that optree no
longer has the OPf_MOD flag set, which trips up S_maybe_multiconcat into
no longer spotting that the outer concat is a '.=' rather than a '.'.

Whether the OPpTARGET_MY optimising code should copy the OPf_MOD from
the being-removed sassign op to its successor is an issue I won't
address here. But in the meantime, the good news is that for 5.28.0
I added the OPpCONCAT_NESTED private flag, which is set whenever
($a . $b . $c) is optimised into ($a . $b) .= $c. This means that it's
no longer necessary to inspect the OPf_MOD flag of the first child to
disambiguate the two cases. So the fix is trivial.

Signed-off-by: Petr Písař <>
 op.c               |  1 -
 t/opbasic/concat.t | 10 +++++++++-
 2 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/op.c b/op.c
index ddeb484b64..d0dcffbecb 100644
--- a/op.c
+++ b/op.c
@@ -2722,7 +2722,6 @@ S_maybe_multiconcat(pTHX_ OP *o)
     else if (   topop->op_type == OP_CONCAT
              && (topop->op_flags & OPf_STACKED)
-             && (cUNOPo->op_first->op_flags & OPf_MOD)
              && (!(topop->op_private & OPpCONCAT_NESTED))
diff --git a/t/opbasic/concat.t b/t/opbasic/concat.t
index 9ce9722f5c..4b73b22c1c 100644
--- a/t/opbasic/concat.t
+++ b/t/opbasic/concat.t
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ sub is {
     return $ok;
-print "1..253\n";
+print "1..254\n";
 ($a, $b, $c) = qw(foo bar);
@@ -853,3 +853,11 @@ package RT132595 {
     my $res = $a.$t.$a.$t;
     ::is($res, "b1c1b1c2", "RT #132595");
+# RT #133441
+# multiconcat wasn't seeing a mutator as a mutator
+    my ($a, $b)  = qw(a b);
+    ($a = 'A'.$b) .= 'c';
+    is($a, "Abc", "RT #133441");